An Analysis of GI and Consumers Protection*

Bijayananda Behera


Intellectual property rights are a creative work of the human kind or an intellectual capital. Today the contribution of intellectual property to industrial and economic development cannot be blown up nor undermined. Georaphical Indications (G.Is) are intellectual property rights, which identify goods on the basis of region or location. The basic concept or aim behind is that to educate and influence the consumers in their choice of products so that they may relay of an authentic product. The use of geographical indications allows producers to obtain market recognition and often a premium price. Even geographical indications are also often associated with non-profit orientation such as the protection of traditional and community rights. However, every region has its claim to fame. Each fame was carefully built up and painstakingly maintained by the originator of that region and in practice handed over from one generation to next for centuries. With the enactment of Consumers protection Act.1986 marked one of the most important milestones in the consumer’s movement in the country. Consumers now feel that they are in a position to declare seller be-ware where as previously the consumers were at the receiving and generally told bewares. 


Consumer, access, region, goods, quality, fame and aware

Full Text:



Geographical Indications : A Search for Identity – Latha R Nair and Rajendra Kumar.

Intellectual Property Rights – B.L. Wadhah.

The Constitutional Law of India – Dr. J.N.Pandey, Central Law Agency, 49th Edition, 2012.

Blakeney, M (2001) : “Geographical Indications and TRIPS”, Occasional Paper 8, Quaker United Nations Office, Geneva.

ITC (2002) : WTO Negotiations on Geographical Indications, 2001, International Trade Centre, Geneva.

The Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999.

The Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Rules, 2002.

Watal, J. (2001) : “Intellectual Property Rights in the WTO and Developing Countries”, Oxford University Press, Delhi.

Geographical Indications in Odisha – A Leading Destination of Traditional Handlooms, Dr. K.D. Raju and Seema Chaudhury.

Geographical Indication Registry Website –

Intellectual Property Rights and agriculture – B.Singh, CARG Publication 2005, pp.71-79.

Orissa Development Report, 2002.

Geographical Indications and Legal Framework in India, Economic and Political Weekly, sep.20-26,2003 pp.4022-4033.

Intellectual Property Law – K. D. Raju, Allahbad Law Agency,Haryana.

VSRD Journal – Sanjib Ray, Vol. V,(X) November 2014.

TRIPS Agreement.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.