Workplace Gender Segregation: A Study from the Students' Perspectives of Private Higher Learning Institutions in Klang Valley, Malaysia.

Vimala Kadiresan

Abstract


The distribution of gender in the occupational structure has been an issue and various employment opportunities may have not been explored fully due to gender segregation at workplace. This research attempts to understand and get more in-depth information about the major factors namely occupation, culture, religion and salary affecting gender segregation at workplace based on the students’ perspective.  An empirical approach has been adopted in this study to identify the independent factors by using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) method. 210 questionnaires were distributed focusing on students studying at Private Higher learning institute in Malaysia particularly: SEGi University (Kota Damansara), Kuala Lumpur Metropolitan University College (Kuala Lumpur) and Institute Professional Baitulmal (Cheras, Kuala Lumpur). Related statistical analysis are used in this study to test the relationship between the dependent variable and independent variables. The findings of this study indicates that culture plays an important role in gender segregation. Besides, it also explains how salary, occupation and religion factors enable students to understand and accept the reality of working life upon graduation. Organizations and decision makers can use this research to further understand the fundamentals of gender segregation. Implications and conclusion of the results are further discussed and avenues for future research are provided.

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