Dokra works in Bikna: The pinnacle of excellence of the ancient crafts.
The name Dokra or Dhokra was formally used to indicate a group of nomadic people scattered over Bengal, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh in India and now is applied generally to a variety of shaped and decorated products created by the ‘lost wax’ process. One of such important group of families are located in Bankura at Bikna village ,West Bengal .The traditional theme of these metal sculptures include images of Hindu God and goddess along with figures of people, elephants etc and also include various ornaments and decorated things. This technique was traced far as ancient Chola Dynasty to make various Chola bronzes statues. First an image was made of wax or other medium like dhuna .This was covered with clay and allow drying, a tiny hole was made on it. When it heated the molten brass replaced the original impression as the wax subjected to vaporize due to heat. Villagers involve in these craft making process they neither have any agricultural land nor any other source of income. It becomes difficult to lead their lives depending totally on these product materials as they hardly get reliable prices and hold the demands throughout the year. A case study made on it tries to promote the product materials along with the artisans’ lives to draw government and other organizational attention to enlightening their craftsmanship, enhance souvenir industry and give better way of life to the people involved in it.
i) Kocchar, R (2001). Dokra brass artifacts from Bankura pamphlet published for CSIR foundation day, 2001. NISTADS, New Delhi.
ii) Ray, SK (1953). The artisans Castes of West Bengal and their crafts.
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