Emergence Of Privatization Of Higher Education – Its Essence And Drawbacks In Globalized India
Privatization of education is not a new concept in India, but in the wake of globalization, to meet the ever rising demands in the changing economic scenario, private participation is unavoidable in higher education. Since our independence, there has been enormous growth in the education sector and the demand for higher education also expanded in parallel. In due course of time, it was observed that to cater to the needs of primary education sector, the government was not able to satisfy the requirements of higher education sector to the level required. Mean time, Indian economy experienced the wave of globalization and the education sector was not an exception to it. Further, the liberalization policies opened the ample scopes to the private players to enter into higher education sector. Some argued that private participation is a great support to the government for its growth by maintaining high quality at low cost. On the contrary, some argued that it created inequality and ‘commercialization’ in the higher education sector by converting the motives of ‘not for profit’ to ‘for profit’. This paper attempts to balance the ‘cases for’ and the ‘cases against’ privatization of higher education in India in a globalized scenario. Finally, it tries to find the justification of ultimate role left to the Government by allowing public-private-partnership model in higher education sector.
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