Educational infrastructure in government schools in rural areas of Jammu and Kashmir: Issues and concerns

Kavita Suri


Education is one of the most important instruments for social, economic and political transformation in any society anywhere in the world. A well-educated and skilled population equipped with knowledge not only drives socio-economic development but also ensures personal growth too. In India, there is a constitutional obligation to make available free and compulsory education to all children in the age group of 06-14 years. The schemes like the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) and Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyaan (secondary education) are also working towards achieving this goal. These schemes are being implemented in Jammu and Kashmir too but the results painstakingly slow.


Several surveys and reports have shown that there are several issues in the elementary education in the rural areas of Jammu and Kashmir including poor school infrastructure etc. As 72 % of people live in rural areas of Jammu and Kashmir, it important to study what are the infrastructural facilities available to the students in the rural schools.


The present paper focuses on the issues and concerns in the rural school infrastructure in Jammu and Kashmir. The paper would also try to put forth some suggestions for improving educational infrastructural facilities in these schools of rural Jammu and Kashmir.


Sarva Shiksha Abhiyaan (SSA), Right to Education Act (RTE), Rural Education, Kashmir etc.

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Annual Studies of Education Report (ASER) 2014, New Delhi

Annual Work Plan and Budget (AWBP), SSA 2014-2015, Jammu and Kashmir

Census of India 2011, New Delhi

Das Dipankar & Samanta Sugata, Rural Education In India: As An Engine Of Sustainable Rural Development, International Journal of Research in Humanities, Arts and Literature, ISSN 2347-4564, Vol. 2, Issue 10, Oct 2014

District Information System For Education (DISE), 2013-14

Govt schools in J&K are reeling under infrastructure crisis, reveal these 2 extensive surveys (Retrieved from on 22nd February 2016)

Improvement of School Facilities and Other Civil Works in SSA (Document retrieved from on 22nd February 2016)

J&K floods: Loss of over Rs 64 crore to school infrastructure, says Govt, Press Trust of India, 28 September 2014

J&K Economic Survey, 2015, Govt of Jammu and Kashmir

Ministry of Human Resource Development, Govt. of India (2012): Analysis of Budget Expenditure on Education

Over 15,000 toilets built in schools across Jammu & Kashmir, Press Trust of India, 26 December 2015

SSA (2011) in budgeting for change, a series published jointly by CBGA and UNICEF India, New Delhi.

Zargar Anees, “Are govt schools in Jammu and Kashmir failing deprived students in state?”, 12 July 2015 (Retrieved from on 22nd February 2016)


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