Diversity of Bioactive Components of Achyranthes aspera Linn leaves.

S.G. Pawar, V.M. Kamble

Abstract


Achyranthes aspera Linn is well known medicinal plant and found enormous information about drug in ancient literature such as Ayurvedic, Unani, Tibba, Siddha, Allopathy, Homoepathy, Neuropathy and Home remedies. Achyranthes aspera Linn is widely used for stomachic, bronchitis, heart diseases, abdominal pains, dysentery, dyspepsia etc. It has traditionally used in cough and asthma. The present communication deals with the diversity of bioactive components of Achyranthes aspera leaves and evaluation of soluble extractive percentage using three different solvents.

Soluble extractive percentage of Achyranthes aspera leaves has been found more in aqueous extract (3.75%) followed by methanolic extract (1.5%) and acetone extract (0.3%). Soluble extractive percentage is useful for evaluation of crude drug and nature of chemical constituents present in crud drug. Phytochemical analysis of Achyranthes aspera revealed presence of carbohydrates, proteins, amino acids, saponin glycosides, anthraquinone glycosides, alkaloids and steroids. The present study is clearly indicates the Achyranthes aspera leaves have important source of bioactive and therapeutically active constituents and exhibiting the diversity and variation in bioactive components.


Keywords


Achyranthes aspera, Soluble extractive percentage, Phytochemical analysis, Bioactive components

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