The Western Ghats are a chain of hills and hillocks.It stretching 1,440 km from the Tapti river north of Mumbai to the tip of the Indian peninsula at Kanyakumari sea shore. The Northern Western Ghats (known locallyas the Sahyadris) begin in southern Gujarat and run south through Maharashtra to Goa.Western Ghats are one of important hot spot of word. Type of montane rain forest found in Western Ghats especially in Bhimashankar and Mahabaleshwar forests. This region receives high rainfall, which occurs primarily during the south-west monsoon. The Western Ghats are important catchment areas for nearby cities, towns and villages. The luxuriant green atmosphere of the Western Ghats is suitable for a wide variety of flora and fauna, therefore it is known for rich biodiversity of moths and butterflies. Insects are the major group in the world. Moths and butterflies are included in the order Lepidoptera. Major difference between moths and butterflies is that the antenna of butterflies is knobed while in moths antennae are not knobed; moths are nocturnal found attracted towards light. Butterflies occur day time but moths are nocturnal. Indian moon moth Actias selene, a wild silkworm is unable to reared in laboratory. Food plants of Actias silkworm and favorable climate for rearing this insect should be study and attention should be paid in India. Generally moon moths occur in dense forest where the climatic conditions are favorable and availability of food plants essential for its survival. We observe Luna moth in Manchar city which is 65km from Bhimashankar forest .Possibly due to global warming (climate change) and forest degradation Luna or moon moth Actias selene migrated to this region.
Western Ghats, moon moth, climate change biodiversity.
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