Decentralization in India with special reference to Panchayati Raj Institutions : Rhetoric and Reality

sudhangsu sekhar datta



All human civilizations try to ensure and strive to achieve development. The approach greatly varies from state to state. One of the important strategies that have attracted the attention of the world leaders irrespective of their ideologies is decentralization. Countries from Latin America to South Asia, from Scandinavian countries to less developed African countries  are using in their own way to decentralize in the context of administrative, political and economic perspectives. Some are over enthusiastic to declare that it is the panacea for all ills that we face in the present world. India has always followed the concept of decentralization in different field to address the age-old problems which exist in the field of governance. This paper studies whether decentralization has brought necessary changes in the public life of India or it remains a token endeavor to appease the common people. The study also explores how political decentralization has been introduced and what could be the possible bottlenecks for the full fledged implementation of the decentralization. The study also highlights the ethical issues and the existing value system to understand whether it is the time to have a re looks on the whole process of decentralization. The paper seeks to highlight the involvement of the common people in the process of planning. It also address the pertinent issue if the decentralization which aims to empower people in their public life, really gave voice to the Indian people and accommodated in the main stream.

Key Words- Decentralization, Administration,  PRIs, Power, NGOs


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