Elections and Political Parties in Mizoram: An Over-View of Mizoram Legislative Assembly Elections
Mizoram was earlier known as Lushai Hills and it was district of Assam since colonial period. With the coming of the British administration, regular administrative set-up was established in the Lushai Hills in 1891. Mizoram began to experience electoral politics since the Lushai Hills Advisory Council election which was held on 15th April, 1948 and 36 members were elected in the whole Lushai Hills geographical area by secret ballot from the well demarcated single member constituencies. In short the uniqueness of elections in Mizoram lies in the constructive teaching and indirect involvement of the churches and civil societies which have contributed a lot for peaceful conduct of elections in the State. Whereas, activities of political parties began in Mizoram with the formation of Mizo Union (MU) as a political party on 9th April, 1946 by R.Vanlawma with the permission of the then Superintendent of the Lushai Hills, ARH Macdonald. It seems that in all the previous State Legislative Assembly General Elections till the 7th-General Election the main rivals for power are the MNF party (Regional party) and the Indian National Congress (National party) even though other political parties had contested in the elections. From the last several Legislative Assembly Elections, it is apparent that only Indian National Congress could get a successful result in the elections among national parties which had contested in the elections. Till today other national parties could not secure even a single seat in the State Legislative Assembly Elections of Mizoram.
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