Democratic Decentralization in India: A Comparative study between Village Panchayat and Village Council in Mizoram
The modality of democratic decentralization in the hill states of Northeastern region of India differs from the mainland India. Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland opted for Autonomous District Council and Village Council (VC) rather than Panchayati Raj or Municipality system. The paper analyzes the working of Village Council (VC) in Mizoram by comparing the provisions of Panchayati Raj Institution under the 73rd Amendment of the Indian Constitution. Village Council is the lowest unit in the structure of democracy in Mizoram like the Village Panchayat in other parts of India. The paper argues that Panchayat bodies have an upper hand than the VCs in the matter of devolution of power at the grassroots level with the exception of the judiciary power of the VCs. The VCs do not have any power to initiate any project. Financially VC depends on the state government; however the Panchayat bodies can initiate what is good and required for the villages under it, independently.
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