Breast Feeding Practices in A Tribal And Non-Tribal Community Of Kamrup District Of Assam, India

Pahari Gogoi, Bapukan Choudhury


Child  care, which  also  includes  breast  feeding practice,  plays  a  significant  role  on  the  health  and  wellbeing  of  the  children,  both physically  and  psychologically.  Considering this,  the  present  study  was undertaken  in  the  Rani  area  of  Kamrup (rural)  district  of  Assam  to  assess  the  breast  feeding practices among the under five children of a tribal and non tribal population. A community based cross sectional study was undertaken among 371 subjects belonging to the Garo tribe and Assamese caste population. Data was collected by interviewing mothers using a predesigned and pretested schedule. Majority of the mothers (Garo: 87.1%, Assamese: 69.0%) have initiated early breast feeding. It is observed that 36.3% of Garo and 13.0% of Assamese have discarded colostrums. Pre-lacteal feeding is found to be 15.2% and 30.5% among the Garo and the Assamese community respectively. Exclusive breast feeding is found to be less (Garo: 35.1% and Assamese: 38.0%) in the study populations. A significant difference is found between the two groups of population with regards to early initiation of breast feeding, feeding of colostrums and pre-lacteals. Awareness regarding exclusive breast feeding should be improved.


Breast feeding initiation, colostrums, pre-lacteal, exclusive breast feeding

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