A Philosophical Study of the Concept of Intersubjectivity

Sarim Abbas

Abstract


            In this paper I am going to discuss what is intersubjectivity according to jaspers and Marcel. Our method will be analytical, philosophical, and experiential. In this paper I am going to find out the relationship between humans and society which jaspers and Marcel have highlighted. However, this paper will also be related to modern philosophers. The paper will deal completely with existentialism. Existentialism like classical philosophy is a philosophy of being. But unlike classical philosophy it is not an attempt to rationalize Being. Being can be experienced in a personal venture to which philosophy is the call. Man is given a world whose pretensions must be broken, a world to be both accepted and refused. In this world man encounters situations and the weight of responsibility falls upon his personal decision. He confronts his empirical self and his historical existence in the actual world and becomes human by what he makes his own and what he repudiates and what he projects-although he hides in the different forms of inauhenticity. The objective and human world poses questions, and existential philosophy insists that a positive answer is false because the truth seems to reside in the ambiguity which is at the heart of man and of the world. In Jaspers and Marcel it is the ambiguity of the world which insists despair and evokes faith without any objective certainly that would remove the risk. In Jaspers philosophy we come across two modes or existence which he labels as existence an Existenz. One is at the mundane superficial level a mere existence when one responds to concrete situations and boundary situations of suffering, struggle, guilt and death by way of evasion. One becomes truly Existenz when one encounters these situations with courage and-perseverance. The problem or communication is perennial in the philosophy or Jaspers because it is rooted in his own past life and stems from his personal experience. Jaspers shares the view of Heidegger and Sartre that the others’ existence is a self-evident fact.


Keywords


Existenz, Intersubjectivity, Being, Communication, Boundary situations.

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References


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