Portuguese-Dutch Conflict in the Coromandel Coast in the Early Seventeenth Century

awungshi shngreiyo rimsi


The Portuguese were the first European to discover the sea-route to India, and established port settlements in all parts of the Asian coast. In the sixteenth century probably we can say it was the Portuguese who rule in this vast oceanic trade. However, in the seventeenth century, there were others contender who emerged more powerful than their predecessor. After the Netherlands declared independence from Spain in the late sixteen century, the Dutch made a dramatic entrance into international trade and politics. Their goal was to destroy the dominance of Portuguese Eastern colonies. Unlike the Spanish and Portuguese expeditions, which were paid for by the crown, the Dutch floated companies in 1602, whose merchants got together to raise capital for their voyages and made aggressive strategy for their conquest. They learnt that the most important medium used by Asian merchants to procure the spices in the archipelago was to procure textile in the Coromandel Coast. Thus, their first priority was to established a permanent factory in the Coromandel Coast. Subsequently, the first Dutch factory on the Coromandel Coast was established in Petapuli and Masulipatnam in 1606, Tirupaliyur in 1608, Pulicat 1610. For the Portuguese the coming of the Dutch was an intrusion into their area of domain. They were hostile to share the trading benefits in the region. This inevitably led a conflict, which reached all far and wide of Portuguese colony.



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