Portuguese-Dutch Conflict in the Coromandel Coast in the Early Seventeenth Century

awungshi shngreiyo rimsi

Abstract


The Portuguese were the first European to discover the sea-route to India, and established port settlements in all parts of the Asian coast. In the sixteenth century probably we can say it was the Portuguese who rule in this vast oceanic trade. However, in the seventeenth century, there were others contender who emerged more powerful than their predecessor. After the Netherlands declared independence from Spain in the late sixteen century, the Dutch made a dramatic entrance into international trade and politics. Their goal was to destroy the dominance of Portuguese Eastern colonies. Unlike the Spanish and Portuguese expeditions, which were paid for by the crown, the Dutch floated companies in 1602, whose merchants got together to raise capital for their voyages and made aggressive strategy for their conquest. They learnt that the most important medium used by Asian merchants to procure the spices in the archipelago was to procure textile in the Coromandel Coast. Thus, their first priority was to established a permanent factory in the Coromandel Coast. Subsequently, the first Dutch factory on the Coromandel Coast was established in Petapuli and Masulipatnam in 1606, Tirupaliyur in 1608, Pulicat 1610. For the Portuguese the coming of the Dutch was an intrusion into their area of domain. They were hostile to share the trading benefits in the region. This inevitably led a conflict, which reached all far and wide of Portuguese colony.


Keywords


PortugueseDutchConflictCoromandelSeventeencenturycoromandel

Full Text:

PDF

References


Boxer, C.R. (1969). The Portuguese Seaborne Empire, 1415-1825, London: Hutchinson & Co.

Foster, William (ed.), (1906). The English Factories in India, 1618-1621, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Foster, William, (ed.), (1908). The English Factories in India ,1622-1623, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Foster, William, (ed.), (1909). The English Factories in India, 1624-1629, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Foster, William, (ed.), (1910). The English Factories in India, 1630-1633, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Foster, William, (ed.), (1911). The English Factories in India, 1634-1636, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Furber, Holder, ( 1976). Rival Empire of Trade in the Orient, 1600-1800, London: Oxford University Press.

Leonard Blusse and George D. Winius, “The Origin and Rhythm of Dutch Aggression Against the Estado da India, 1601-1661,” in Teotonio R de Souza (ed.), (1985), Indo-Portuguese History, Old Issue, New Question, New Delhi: Concept Publishing.

Nilakantha, K.A, (1995). A History of South India from Prehistoric Times to the Fall of Vijaynagar, London: Oxford University Press.

Moreland, W. H, (1931). Relations of Golconda in the Early Seventeenth Century, London: Hakluyt Society.

Moreland, W. H (ed.), (1934). Peter Florish, His Voyage to the East Indies in the Globe, 1611-1615, London: Hakluyt Society.

Kail, Owen, C, (1981). The Dutch in India, New Delhi: MacMillan.

Pearson, M. N, (1987). The Portuguese in India, The New Cambridge History of India, Vol. I, Bombay, Orient Longman.

Prakash, Om (ed.), (1984). The Dutch Factories in India, 1617-1623, New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal.

Stephen, Jeyaseela, (1998). Portuguese in the Tamil Coast, Pondicherry, Navajothi.

Subrahmanyam, Sanjay, (1990). The Political Economy of Commerce Southern India 1500-1650, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Subrahmanyam, Sanjay, (1990). Improvising Empire, Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Subrahmanyam, Sanjay, (1993). The Portuguese Empire in Asia, 1500-1700, London: Longman Group.

van Leur, J .C. (1955), Indonesian Trade and Society, Essay in Asian Social and Economic History, The Hague: W. van Hoeve Ltd.

Willliam C. Atkinson, (1960). A History of Spain and Portugal, Middlesex, Penguin Books.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.