Revolution from Below in Nepal and the Future of Democracy

Manish Kumar

Abstract


On April 2008, the constituent assembly was elected in Nepal. A Republican state was constituted and a new government came to power. Communist party of Nepal (Maoist) was the major force behind this historical political change. However, recent developments highlight that Nepal is still far away from achieving its objective of a full functioning democratic polity. In May 2012, when the four-time renewed term of the Nepal Constituent Assembly was to expire, the primary responsibility for such development was again labelled at the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). Undoubtedly, the political future of Nepal is still uncertain nevertheless radical changes brought by the revolution in different spheres are remarkable and worth pondering upon. This article analyses the reason and outcome that Nepal faces today from historical point of view. It seeks to understand the historical factors that led to the Maoist revolution in Nepal, its principal actors and, its political as well as socio-economic dynamics.


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