Maritime Boundaries and Inter- State relations in Africa: Evidence from the Gulf of Guinea
Border demarcation has been one of the challenges facing many African countries since Independence. For the sake of maintaining political stability, African countries agreed on respecting borders inherited from colonial powers at independence, notwithstanding that there was a problem of improper demarcation of some of the borders among African states, especially maritime borders determining sovereignty of this state or that over the sea or over one or more of the islands in the gulf. As a result, many African countries went on disputes against one another over maritime borders, which had strong implications over their relationships in the future.
This paper aims at reviewing the most prominent maritime border disputes in Africa, especially in the Gulf of Guinea, as one of the most important oil rich Zones in Africa. The paper then concludes by finding out how the lack of accuracy in delimiting borders could affect future relations among states, especially if there are some resources over the borders, that are worthy for one or more of the countries who have not yet managed to settle their border limits and determine sovereignty over their territorial sea.
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