Utilization Aspects of Floral Non-Timber Forest Products: A Review

Sahana Mukherjee

Abstract


This review paper has basically focused on various functional aspects of floral Non-timber forest products (NTFPs) like development of society, cash income, ecological sustainability and biological conservation. Non-timber forest products play a vital role to secure the livelihood of millions of rural ethnic communities in the developing countries of the world. Poor villagers are also dependent on these wild resources for their source of family income. Floral NTFPs include medicinal plants, edible plants, fodder, fuel wood, bamboo and miscellaneous. Apart from utilization side this paper also has redirected a lot of controversy regarding the NTFPs terminologies and definitions. Sometimes scientists also have found the difficulties in their research work related to development of NTFPs due to lack of proper terminology. From the conservation point of view in recent eras these wild floras are facing a great threat of extinction due to a number of unsustainable activities like over extraction, bushfire, growth of population and their high demand, deforestation etc. Therefore, more scientific research is required to point out the present status of these useful flora and suitable safeguarding measure.

Key Words: Non-timber forest products, households, commercialization, forest conservation


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