Selected Demographic Variables and Community Policing Participation Among Citizens in Nigeria: A Pilot Study
In consideration of increase in crime rate and societal ills, Nigeria must improve upon its security architecture and policies to ensure security of live and property in the country. Effective community policing through increases citizens’ participation is of paramount importance. This paper is a pilot research study of the upcoming main study which intends to investigate community policing participation intention among Nigerian citizens. Thus, the paper examines small sample of data on the impact of ethnicity, religion, trust in the police, and attitudes toward the police on intention to participate in community policing program in Nigeria. The study utilizes survey questionnaire to obtain data. The survey questionnaire was at the beginning subjected to content validation. The reviewed version of the survey was distributed to the pilot sample. The returned survey was scrutinized for reliability using SPSS version 16.0. The results indicate that the instrument attained the thresh hold, therefore valid and reliable. Additionally, the data shows evidence of practical consistency.
Abdullahi, A. A., & Saka, L. (2007). Ethno-religious and political conflicts: Threat to Nigeria nascent democracy. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, 9(3), 21-36.
Abubakar, D. S. (2013). Civil security education, participatory policing and the security challenges in Nigeria. In S. E. Arase, (Ed). National Security: Intelligence and Community Partnership Approach. [pp. 137-149]. LawLords Publishers Abuja, Nigeria.
Agbiboa, D. E. (2013). Ethno-religious conflicts and the elusive quest for national identity in Nigeria. Journal of Black Studies, 44(1), 3-30
Aleyomi, M. B. (2012). Ethno-religious crisis as a threat to the stability of Nigeria’s federalism. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, 4(3), 127-140.
Anderson, J. C. (2005). Community policing—working together to prevent crime. In: International Conference on Engaging Communities, United Nations & Queensland Government, Brisbane, 14-17.
Benedict, W. R., Brown, B. & Bower, D. J. (2000). Perceptions of the police and fear of crime in a rural setting: utility of a geographically focused survey for police services, planning, and assessment. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 1(4), 275-298.
Carter, L., & Bélanger, F. (2005). The utilization of e-government services: Citizen trust, innovation and acceptance factors. Information Systems Journal, 15(1), 5-25.
Cao. L., Frank, J., & Cullen, F. T. (1996). Race, community context and confidence in the police. American Journal of Police, 15(1), 3-22.
Choi, K., & Lee, J. (2016). Citizens participation in community safety: A comparative study of community policing in South Korea and the UK. Policing and Society, 26(2), 165-184.
Decker, S. (1981). Citizen attitudes toward the police. Journal of Police Science and Administration, 9(1), 81-87.
DFID & SJG, (2010). Community policing in Nigeria: frequently asked questions, security, justice and growth programme, Retrieved 18 July 2015 from http://www.j4a-nigeria.org/joomdocs/community_policing.pdf
Gau, J. M. (2014). Procedural justice and police legitimacy: a test of measurement and structure. American Journal of Criminal Justice, 39(2), 187-205.
Gau, J. M. (2011). The convergent and discriminant validity of procedural justice and police legitimacy: An empirical test of core theoretical propositions. Journal of Criminal Justice, 39, 489-498.
Gau, J. M., Corsaro, N., Stewart, E. A., & Brunson, R. K. (2012). Examining macro-level impacts on procedural justice and police legitimacy. Journal of Criminal Justice, 40, 333-343.
Grabosky, P. N. (1992). Law enforcement and the citizen: Non‐governmental participants in crime prevention and control. Policing and Society: An International Journal, 2(4), 249-271.
Hair, J. F., Money, A. H., Samouel, P., & Page, M. (2007). Research methods for business. UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Kelling, G. L., & Moore, M. H. (1989). The evolving strategy of policing. Washington, DC: US Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice.
Khorshidi, G. R. (2012). The role of trust in e-commerce relational exchange: A unified model. Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, 4, 230-242.
Kumar, T. V. (2012). Impact of community policing on public satisfaction and perception of police findings from India. International Criminal Justice Review, 22(4), 397-415.
Madan, M. & Nalla, M. K. (2015). Exploring citizen satisfaction with police in India. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 38(1), 86 - 101
Malhotra, N. K. (2008). Marketing research: An applied orientation, 5/e. Pearson Education India.
McFadyen, A. & Prideaux, M. (2014). The placing of religion in policing and policing studies, Policing and Society: An International Journal of Research and Policy, 24(5), 602-619.
Nathan, L. (1998). The 1996 defence white paper. From Defence to Development: Redirecting Military Resources in South Africa, 41.
Nigerian Police Force (NPF) Headquarters (2015). Official crime statistics. Abuja, Nigeria. Nisbet, M. C. (2005). The competition for worldviews: values, information, and public support for stem cell research. International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 17, 90–112.
Nix, J., Wolfe, S. E., Rojek, J. and Kaminski, R. J. (2015). Trust in the police: the influence of procedural justice and perceived collective efficacy. Crime & Delinquency, 61(4), 610-640.
Nunnally, J. C. (1978). Psychometric theory. New York: McGraw Hill.
O’Connor, C. D. (2008). Citizen attitudes toward the police in Canada. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 31(4), 578-595.
Okeshola, F. B. & Mudiare, P. E. (2013). Community policing in Nigeria: challenges and prospects. American International Journal of Contemporary Research. 3(7), 134-138.
Okpanachi, E. (2010). Ethno-religious identity and conflict in northern Nigeria: understanding the dynamics of sharia in Kaduna and Kebbi states. IFRA-Nigeria e-Papers, (07).
Osaghae, E. E. & Suberu, R. T. (2005). A history of identities, violence and stability in Nigeria. Crise Working Paper No. 6. Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
Reisig, M. D., Bratton, J., & Gertz, M. G. (2007). The construct validity and refinement of process-based policing measures. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 34, 1005-1028.
Reisig, M. D., & Giacomazzi, A. L. (1998). Citizen perceptions of community policing: are attitudes toward police important? Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 21(3), 547-561.
Salkind, N. J. (2012). Exploring research (8th ed.). New York: Pearson Education Ltd.
Segrave, M., & Radcliffe, J. (2004). Community policing: a descriptive overview. Australian Institute of Criminology.
Sekaran, U., & Bougie, R. (2010a). Research methods for business: A skill building approach. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Sekaran, U., & Bougie, R. (2010b). Research methods for business: A skill building approach (5th ed.). United Kingdom: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Sherman, L. W., & Eck, J. E. (2002). Policing for crime prevention. Evidence-based crime prevention, 295.
Srite, M. (2006). Culture as an explanation of technology acceptance differences: an empirical investigation of Chinese and US users. Australasian Journal of Information Systems, 14(1), 5-26.
Tankebe, J. (2013). Viewing things differently: the dimensions of public perceptions of police legitimacy. Criminology, 51, 103-135.
Thibaut, J., & Walker, L. (1975). Procedural justice: A psychological analysis. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Trojanowicz, R., & Bucqueroux, B. (1990). Community policing: a contemporary perspective Cincinnati, OH, Anderson.
Tyler, T. R. (2001). Public trust and confidence in legal authorities: what do majority and minority group members want from the law and legal institutions? Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 19, 215-235.
Tyler, T. R. (1990). Why people obey the law. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Tyler, T. R. (2005). Policing in black and white: Ethnic group differences in trust and confidence in the police. Police Quarterly, 8(3), 322-342.
Tyler, T. R. (2004). Enhancing police legitimacy. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 593, 84-99.
Tyler, T. R., & Huo, Y. J. (2002). Trust in the law: encouraging public cooperation with the police and courts. New York, NY: Russell-Sage.
United Nation Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) (2015). Crime and criminal justice statistics.
Webb, V. J., & Marshall, C. E. (1995). The relative importance of race and ethnicity on citizen attitudes toward the police. American Journal of Police, 14(2), 45-66.
Wu, Y. (2014). Race/ethnicity and perceptions of the police: a comparism of White, Black, Asian and Hispanic Americans. Police & Society, 24(2), 135-157
Wu, Y. & Sun, I. Y. (2010). Perceptions of police: An empirical study of Chinese college Students. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 33(1), 93-113.
Wu, Y., Sun, I. Y., & Hu, R. (2015). Public trust in the Chinese police; the impact of ethnicity, class, and Hukou. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 0(0), 1-20.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.