The Relevance of the Study of Tourism and Hospitality Courses in Educational Institutions in Ghana: A Case Study of Department of Tourism, Cape Coast Polytechnic

Ato Anaman, Franklin D DaCosta


Tourism and hospitality industry contributes a lot to the economy of Ghana and many States across the world; as such, it receives much attention in many politico-socio-economic and educational circles. In the area of education, tourism and hospitality is now an academic discipline which is now taught in schools and has experienced a golden age of literature in the second half and last quarter of the twentieth century. The proliferation of literature in this area has led to increasing interest in the subject by many institutions of higher learning around the world. It is for this reason that a study of this nature was undertaken to explore the relevance of some of the courses studied in tourism and hospitality institutions in Ghana, using the Department of Tourism, Cape Coast Polytechnic as a case study. Twenty-two (22) students were randomly selected out of a total of eighty two (82) whilst twenty (20) graduates of the department were purposively sampled. Data collected from the survey design using the questionnaire were analysed quantitatively using version 20 of the Statistical Product for Service Solutions (SPSS v 20). From the analysis, the study concluded that despite the inherent challenges associated with the courses studied in tourism and hospitality educational institutions, they correlate with industry’s needs. The study, therefore, recommends among others that there should be close collaboration between tourism and educators and industry for exchange of ideas so that students leave school knowing the industry’s expectations and how to secure jobs easily. 


tourism, hospitality, industry, students, courses

Full Text:



Akanle, O. B. (2007). Socio-economic factors influencing students’ academic

performance in Nigeria. Freeonline Library

Airey, D., & Frontistis, A. (1997). Attitudes to career in tourism: An Anglo Greek comparison. Tourism Management, 18(3), 149 - 158.

Barron, P., & Maxwell, G. (1993). Hospitality management students' image of the hospitality industry. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management. 5(5), 5-8.

Baum, T. (1995).Managing human resources in the European tourism and hospitality industry: A strategic approach. London: Chapman and Hill.

Bull, A. (1995). The economies of travel and tourism (2nd ed.). Melbourne: Pitman.

Casado, M. (1992).Student expectations of hospitality jobs. Cornell Hotel and Restaurant

Quarterly, 33(4), 80 - 82.

Cooper, C., J. Fletcher, D. Gilbert, & S. Wanhill (2008).Tourism: principles and practice, (4th ed.), Harlow: Pearson Education

Cooper, C., & Shepherd, R. (1997). The relationship between tourism education and the tourism industry: Implications for tourism education. Tourism Recreation Research, 22(1), 34- 47.

Davidson, R. (1993). Tourism (2nd ed.). London: Pitman Publishing

Guerrier, Y. (1999). Organisational behaviour in hotels and restaurants: An international perspective. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons.

Harris, R. & J. Howard, J (2001). Dictionary of travel, tourism and hospitality terms. New Delhi: Global Books and Subscriptions Services

Hjalager, A., & Andersen, S. (2001). Tourism employment: contingent work or professional career? Employee Relations, 23(2), 115 - 129.

Holden, R., & Jameson, S. (1999). A preliminary investigation into the transition and utilization of hospitality graduates in SMEs. Tourism and Hospitality Research, 1 (3), 231 - 241.

Kusluvan, S. (2003). Managing Employee Attitudes and Behaviours in the Tourism and Hospitality Industry. New York: Nova.

Litvin, S. (2000). Tourism, Student Perceptions of a Travel Agency Career. Tourism and Hospitality Research, 1 (4), 295 - 312.

Mars, G., Bryant, D., & Mitchell, P. (1979). Manpower Problems in the hotel and cateringindustry. Farnborough: Gower.

Mathieson, A., & G. Wall (1982).Tourism: economic, physical and social impacts. Harlow: Longman scientific and Technical.

Murphy, P. (1985). Tourism: A community approach. New York: Methuen.

Nickerson, N. P. (1996). Foundations of tourism. New Jersey: Prentice- Hall, Inc.

Pavesic, D. & Brymer, R. (1990). Job satisfaction: What's happening to the young managers? Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly, 31(1), 90-96.

Pizam, A. (1982). Tourism manpower: The state of the art. Journal of Travel Research, 21(2), 5-9.

Riley, M. (1996). Human resource management in the hospitality and tourism industry. Oxford: Butterworth Heinemann.

Ross, G.F. (1994). What do Australian school leavers want of the industry? TourismManagement, 15(2), 62-66.

Sindiga, I. (1994). Employment and training in tourism in Kenya. Journal of Tourism Studies, 5 (2), 45-52.

United Nations (UN) (1994). Recommendation on tourism statistics: statistical papers. New York: United Nations

United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) (2009).Tourism highlights.Madrid: United Nations World Tourism Organisation

United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) (2012).Tourism highlights. Madrid: United Nations World Tourism Organisation

Woods, R. (1997). Human resources management (2nd ed.). Michigan: The Educational Institute of the American Hotel and Lodging Association.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.