AUROBINDO’S CONCEPT OF PASSIVE RESISTANCE: A TECHNIQUE FOR SOCIAL CHANGE
Abstract: Changeability is the rule of Nature and human society is not beyond to this rule. Human society is not static, rather dynamic and changeability is the religion of human society. Society means an extremely complex relationship and mutual interaction among man and this inter-human relationship among men is dynamic and changeable. Therefore society is also dynamic and changeable. Social change is the institutional and normative change of human society which changes the institutional and material pattern of human life. Through changes a new order of society came into existence in place of the old. But it should be remembered that every change need not be good and desirable. Some changes take place without any determined or purposeful attempt on the part of mankind and some changes may occur by social movement. There are many techniques used in various movements for the change of human society. It was Sri Aurobindo Ghosh (1872-1950) who used the theory of Passive Resistance as a technique for social change during the period of India’s national liberation movement. Passive resistance was not only a movement in ordinary sense; it was a movement for Swadeshism which was, I think, necessarily used as a technique for socio-political change of contemporary India. Therefore, the foremost aim of this study is to analyse Sri Aurobindo’s theory of passive resistance as a technique for social and political change. It will also examine why it is called a technique for social change and how far it is relevance to call such.
Key Words: Dynamic, Normative, Passive Resistance, Swadeshism, Technique.
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