Abstract: Changeability is the rule of Nature and human society is not beyond to this rule. Human society is not static, rather dynamic and changeability is the religion of human society. Society means an extremely complex relationship and mutual interaction among man and this inter-human relationship among men is dynamic and changeable. Therefore society is also dynamic and changeable. Social change is the institutional and normative change of human society which changes the institutional and material pattern of human life. Through changes a new order of society came into existence in place of the old. But it should be remembered that every change need not be good and desirable. Some changes take place without any determined or purposeful attempt on the part of mankind and some changes may occur by social movement. There are many techniques used in various movements for the change of human society. It was Sri Aurobindo Ghosh (1872-1950) who used the theory of Passive Resistance as a technique for social change during the period of India’s national liberation movement. Passive resistance was not only a movement in ordinary sense; it was a movement for Swadeshism which was, I think, necessarily used as a technique for socio-political change of contemporary India.  Therefore, the foremost aim of this study is to analyse Sri Aurobindo’s theory of passive resistance as a technique for social and political change. It will also examine why it is called a technique for social change and how far it is relevance to call such.


Key Words: Dynamic, Normative, Passive Resistance, Swadeshism, Technique.

Full Text:




Basu, Asish Kumar (2009) Sri Aurobindo and Passive Resistance Theory (Bengali Version), Kolkata, Sri Aurobindo Pathamandir.

Bharathi. K. S. (1956), Political Thought of Sri Aurobindo, New Delhi, Concept Publishing Company.

Desai, A. R. (2013) Social Background of Indian Nationalism, Mumbai, Popular Prakashan.

Ghosh, Sri Aurobindo (1997), Karmayogin (Political Writings and Speeches, Vol-8), Pondicherry, Sri Aurobindo Ashram.

Ghosh, Sri Aurobindo. (1972) Bande Mataram (Early Political Writings, Vol-I), Pondicherry, Sri Aurobindo Birth Centenary Library.

Padhy, K. S. (2011) Indian Political Thought, New Delhi, PHI Learning Private Limited.

Sarkar, Kalyan Kumar (2014), Bharatiya Rastra Chintar Itihas (Pratham Khanda) (Bengali Version), Kolkata, Sribhumi Publishing House.

Scruton, Roger (2007) The Palgrave Macmillan Dictionary of Political Thought (3rd Edition).


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.