Feminism in Hairharan’s The Thousand Faces of Night
Githa Hariharan, a well-known Indian woman novelist, has tried to focus on the deeply ingrained biases of Indian society against the feminine gender. The novel The Thousand Faces of Night (1993) deals with the issues of feminism as well as the issues of gender and identity also. In it, she tries to explore mainly the lives of the characters namely, Devi, Sita and Mayamma who survives in male dominated society. Woman faces all the problem in her life and even survives with her inner strength. Through the study of women characters, Githa provides us with a peek into the Indian tradition and culture and the position of women in the Indian society.
Hariharan, Githa, The Thousand Faces of Night, Penguin, Delhi, 1992.
Abrams M.H., A Glossary of Literary Terms, Prism Books Pvt. Ltd., 1993
Barry, Peter, Issues in Contemporary Critical Theory, The Macmillian Press Ltd., Hampshire, 1987
Cixous, Helene and Catherine Clement, La Jeune Nee, Paris : Union Generale d’Editions, 1975, Translated as The Newly Born Woman by Besty Wing, Minneapolis : Univ. of Minnesota, 1986.
De Beauvoir, Simone , The Second Sex, trans. H. M. Parshley, Harmondsworth :Penguin, 1983
Dhawan, R.K., Fiction of Nineties, Prestinge Books, New Delhi, 1998
Dubey, S.N., Gener Relation: Indian Society (N.B.T. India/1990) p.112
Dass, Veena Noble, Feminism and Literature, Prestige, New Delhi, 1995
Desai, Neera, Krishnaraj, Maitheryi, Women and Society in India, Ajanta, Delhi, 1987, p.29
Deshpande, Shashi, The Dilemma of a Woman Writer: The Literary Criticism, Vol. 20, 1985
Fredian, Betty, The Second Stage, Summit, New York, 1981, p.36
Greer, Germaine, The Female Eunuch, 1970; rpt. St. Albana: Paladin, 1976
Iyengar, Srinivas K.R., Indian Writing in English, Sterling Publishers, New Delhi, 1994, p. 435
Jain, Sonia, Women and Indian Society in Feminist Fiction, Himanshu, Udaipur, 2006
Manu, The Ordiances of Manu, trans. from Sanskrit Atthur Coke Burnell ed. Edward w. Hopkins 2nd ed. (1884, rpt.N.D. Oriental Books, 1971) p. 130
Manusmirti III, 56, Manav Dharma Shastra, trans. and ed. Graves Chamnen Haughten, Vol. 3, (New Delhi:Cosmo, 1982) p. 68
Mitchell, Judith, Women’s Estate, Vintage, New York, 1973, p.110
Sahgal, Nayantara, ‘A Situation in New Delhi’, 1977, p. 25
Sanyal, Samares C., Indianness in Major Indo-English Novels, Prakash Book Depot, Barielly, 1984
The Laws of Manu, Trs, G. Bublen, ed. Max-Muller Sacred Books of East, Vol. 225 (Clarendon Press Oxford, 1866) p. 197, ed. Quoted by Richard Lannoy ,The Speaking Tree, p. 103
Segal Lynne, Is The Future Female? Toubled Thoughts on Contemporary Feminism, London : Virage, 1987
Jain, Jasbir, ‘The Aesthetics of Morality:Sexuality Relations in the Novels of Nayantara Sahgal ‘The Journal of Indian Writing in English’ (Janurary, 1978)p.44
Novarra, V.A., International Women’s Year 1975, Contemporaray Review, 226, No. 1313 (June 1975) P. 316-20
Nair, Rama, ‘The Art of Fiction:A Note on the ‘Prelude’ on Githa Hariharan’s The Thousand Faces of Night, Indian
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.