CONFLICT AND INTERVENTION IN ECOWAS SUB-REGION: FORTY YEARS AFTER ‘INTEGRATION’, WHAT NEXT?
This paper examined the new security challenge of ECOWAS forty years after its formation and ECOWAS changing role to conflict and security issues. Her recent interventions; Liberia, Sierra Leone and Cote d’Ivoire, were areas ECOWAS invested heavily on security and peace mediation. Economic Community Military Observer Group (ECOMOG) intervene in Liberia, Sierra Leone and Cote d’Ivoire, militarily to restore order. Additionally, the manifestation of Nigeria’s Boko Haram, Mali’s Ansar ud deen and the Movement pour l’unicité et le jihad en Afrique de l’Ouest (MUJAO), threatening regimes security in Nigeria, Niger, and Mali, as well as in Chad and Cameroon. This conceptual paper highlights the role of ECOWAS and ECOMOG in peace enforcement and restoration of order in conflict areas in west Africa, and looked into the growing nature of terrorism in west Africa. The paper recommends that, ‘ECOMOG model’ be adequately re-structured to a standby force to safeguard the sub-region from the emerging terrorism activities in the sub-region.
Keywords: Conflict, Intervention, ECOWAS, ECOMOG, What next?
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