External Factors in Tajikistan’s Democratization: The Role of the United States and Russia
The role of the United States and Russia in Tajikistan can be favorable either for democracy or for authoritarian rule since the United States stood for democracy and Russia for authoritarian regime. The paper study the impact of the two big powers’ engagement in Tajikistan on its democratization. It points out that their engagement has created an environment favorable for authoritarian regime rather than for democracy. It shows that while Russia has been successful in its mission of promoting and protecting authoritarian regime in Tajikistan, the United States fails to achieve success in its mission of promoting democracy in Tajikistan. Despite the fact that democracy constitutes one of the core objectives itsengagement in Tajikistan, the United States gives more importance to geostrategic interest than promoting democracy. Also, the United States lacks the capacity to promoted democracy in Tajikistan due to lack of openness among the ruling elites and the presence of strong influence from Russia, a supporter and protector of authoritarian regime in post-Soviet space especially in Central Asia. Russia, a provider of a model of authoritarian regime to post-Soviet states space, has been serving as a supporter and protector of the authoritarian regime in Tajikistan from internal and external challenges especially through military and economic assistance.
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