Management of Consumers in Political Area: Spatial Analysis on Nonvoting Speed and National Culture Values
The present study focused on a spatial analysis based on the non-voting values and the dimensions of power distances and uncertainty avoidance in the national culture. The main objective was the multidimensional analysis, clustering and graphical analysis of the countries based on the speed, velocity and cultural dimensions of nonvoting. The results for five clusters were analyzed and discussed.
Abdi, H. (2007). Metric multidimensional scaling (MDS): analyzing distance matrices. Encyclopedia of measurement and statistics. Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA, 1-13.
Abramson P. R, Diskin A, Felsenthal D. S. 2007. Nonvoting and the decisiveness of electoral outcomes. Political Research Quarterly 60 3: 500-515.
Achterberg A and Houtman B. 2006. Why do so many people vote 'unnaturally? A cultural explanation for voting behavior. European. Journal of Political Research 45: 75-92.
Anderson C, Goodyear-Grant E. 2008. Adolescents‘ attitudes toward political participation: assessing recent evidence from ontario young people’s political participation 2. Civic Education and Political Participation Workshop Université de Montréal June 17-19.
Androutsopoulos J. 2008. Potentials and limitations of discourse-centered online ethnography. Language @ Internet 5 article 8 http: //www.Language atinternet.de/articles/2008/1610 Access 20 September 2014.
Balmer J.M.T. 2011. Corporate marketing myopia and the ınexorable rise of corporate marketing logic. European Journal of Marketing 45 9/10: 1329-1352.
Bannon R. 2005. Relationship marketing and the political process. Journal of Political Marketing 4 2-3: 73-90.
Bartels L. 2009. Economic Inequality and Political Representation in Lawrence Jacobs and Desmond King eds. Unsustainable Economic State New York Oxford University 167-196
Baslevent C, Kirmanoglu H. 2008. The role of basic personal values in the voting behavior of Turkish people Available at SSRN: http: //ssrn.com/abstract=1307031 access 10 September 2014.
Baslevent C, Kirmanoğlu H, Senatalar B. 2005. Empirical ınvestigation of party preferences and economic voting in Turkey. European Journal of Political Research 44 3: 547-567.
Beaven Z, Laws C. 2007. Never Let Me Down Again’: Loyal customer attitudes towards ticket distribution channels for live music events: a netnographic exploration of the US leg of the Depeche Mode 2005–2006. World Tour Managing Leisure 12 2-3: 120-142.
Belanger E.A, Meguid B. M. 2008. Issue salience issue ownership and issue based vote choice. Electoral Studies 27: 477-491.
Bennulf M, and Hedberg P. 1999. Utanför demokratin. Om det minskade valdeltagandets sociala och politiska rötter Valdeltagande i förändring: 75-135.
Berry Christopher R. 1 and Gersen Jacob E. 2011. Election Timing and Public Policy. Quarterly Journal of Political Science 6: 103–135
Birch S. 2003. Perceptions of electoral fairness and voter turnout project on electoral malpractice in new and semi-democracies http: // www. essex.ac.uk/ government/ electoralmalpractice / Working Paper No 3.
Björk P, Kauppinen-Räisänen H. 2012. A netnographical examination of travelers’ online discussion of risks. Tourism Management Perspectives 2-3: 65-71.
Blais A. 2006. What affects voter turnout? Annual Review of Political Science 9: 111- 125.
Blais A. and Young R. 1999. Why do people vote? an experiment in rationality. Public Choice 99 1: 39-55.
Boeckmann R. J, Tyler T. R. 2002. Trust respect and the psychology of political engagement. Journal of Applied Social Psychology 32 10: 2067-2088.
Bornschier, S. (2010). The new cultural divide and the two-dimensional political space in Western Europe. West European Politics, 33(3), 419-444.
Bourbeau J, Scruggs L. 2007. Modeling and forecasting electoral participation around the world: voter turnout in democratic regimes 1972-2006 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association Chicago IL August 31 2007.
Brady H. E, Kaplan C. S. 2001. Subjects to citizens: From non-voting to protesting to voting in Estonia during the transition to democracy. Journal of Baltic Studies 32 4: 347-378.
Broillet A. Dubosson M, Trabichet J.-P. 2008. An ınternet based distribution strategy of luxury products and services grounded on qualitative web discourse analysis.Professional Communication Conference. IPCC. IEEE International
Brooks, C., Nieuwbeerta, P., & Manza, J. (2006). Cleavage-based voting behavior in cross-national perspective: Evidence from six postwar democracies. Social Science Research, 35(1), 88-128.
Buja, A., Swayne, D. F., Littman, M. L., Dean, N., Hofmann, H., & Chen, L. (2008). Data visualization with multidimensional scaling. Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics, 17(2), 444-472.
Butler P, and Collins N. 1996. Strategic analysis in political markets European Journal of Marketing 30 10/11: 25-36.
Butler Patrick and Harris P. 2009. Considerations on the evolution of political marketing theory Marketing Theory 9 2: 149-164.
Bynner J. and Ashford S. 1994. Politics and participation: Some antecedents of young people's attitudes to the political system and political activity. European Journal of Social Psychology 24: 223-236.
Campbell A, Converse P. E, Miller W. E, Stokes D. E. 1960. The American voter New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Caplan S. 2007. Latinos acculturation and acculturative stress: A dimensional concept analysis. Policy Politics & Nursing Practice 8 2: 93-106.
Catterall M, Maclaran P. 2002. Researching consumers in virtual worlds: a cyberspace odyssey. Journal of Consumer Behaviour 1 3: 228-237.
Cialdini Robert B, Noah J. Goldstein 2004. Social influence: Compliance and conformity.. Annual Review of Psychology 55 February: 591–621.
Cicognani E, Zani B, Fournier B, Gavray C. and Born M. 2012. Gender Differences in youths’ political engagement and participation The role of parents and of adolescents’ social and civic participation. Journal of Adolescence 35: 561–576
Clarke H, Sanders D, Stewart M. and Whiteley P. 2004. Political Choice in Britain Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Cox, M. A., & Cox, T. F. (2008). Multidimensional scaling. In Handbook of data visualization (pp. 315-347). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Czinkota M, Kaufmann H.R. and Basile G. 2014. Legitimacy reputation and sustainability for companies and their supply chains. Industrial Marketing Management Journal Guest Edition 43. 1.: 91-101.
Çarkoğlu, A., & Hinich, M. J. (2006). A spatial analysis of Turkish party preferences. Electoral Studies, 25(2), 369-392.
Çelik H, & Eksi H. 2008. Söylem analizi Marmara Üniversitesi Atatürk Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi 2 21-26.
Dalton T. C. 2002. Becoming John Dewey: Dilemmas of a philosopher and naturalist Bloomington IN: Indiana University Press.
De Leeuw, J., & Heiser, W. (1982). Theory of multidimensional scaling. Handbook of statistics, 2, 285-316.
Dean D, Croft R. 2009. Reason and Choice: A conceptual study of consumer decision making and electoral behavior. Journal of Political Marketing 8 2: 130-146.
Denny K, Doyle O. 2005. Political ınterest cognitive ability and personality: determinants of voter turnout in Britain UCD Geary Institute Discussion Paper 2005/7.
Dermody J, Hanmer-Lloyd S, Scullion R. 2010. Young people and voting behaviour: alienated youth and or. an interested and critical citizenry? European Journal of Marketing 44 3/4: 421-435.
Dermody J. & Scullion R. 2005. Young people's attitudes towards british political advertising: nurturing or ımpeding voter engagement? Journal of Nonprofit & Public Sector Marketing 14 1-2: 129-149.
Dholakia N. & Zhang D. 2004. Online qualitative research in the age of ecommerce: data sources and approaches Forum: Qualitative Social Research 5 2.
Donald H. K. S. 2010. Principled Non-voters and postmaterialist theory: an exploratory analysis of young principled non-voters in New Zealand Thesis http: //library.canterbury. ac.nz/thesis/etheses_copyright.shtml.
Dow, J. K. (2001). A comparative spatial analysis of majoritarian and proportional elections. Electoral Studies, 20(1), 109-125.
Ediraras D.T. Rahayu D. A, Natalina A. and Widya W. 2013. Political marketing strategy of jakarta governor election in the 2012s Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 81 28: 584-588
Edlin A, Gelman A, Kaplan N. 2007. Voting as a rational choice: why and how people vote to ımprove the well-being of others. Rationality and Society 19: 293-314.
Elklit J, Svensson P, Togeby L. 2005. Why is voter turnout not declining in denmark? paper to be presented in the workshop on local political participation at the XIV Nordic Political Science Association Congress. Reykjavik Iceland 11–13 August.
Elliott C. 1996. Paradigms of forest conservation Unasylva 187 4: 4-9.
Evans D. 2004. Greasing the wheels: using pork barrel projects to build majority coalitions in congress Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Faust, K., Willert, K. E., Rowlee, D. D., & Skvoretz, J. (2002). Scaling and statistical models for affiliation networks: patterns of participation among Soviet politicians during the Brezhnev era. Social Networks, 24(3), 231-259.
Fowler J.H. and Kam C.D. 2007. Beyond the self: social ıdentity altruism and political participation. Journal of Politics 69 3: 813-827.
Franklin M. N, 2004. Voter Turnout and the dynamics of electoral competition in established democracies since 1945. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Franklin M. N. 2002. Learning from the Danish case: A comment on Palle Svensson's critique of the Franklin thesis. European Journal of Political Research 41 751-757
Frey B.S. and Stutzer A. 2002. The Economics of Happiness World Economics 3 1: 402- 435.
Friese M, Smith C. T, Plischke T, Bluemke M, and Nosek B. A. 2012. Do implicit attitudes predict actual voting behavior particularly for undecided voters? PloS one7 8: 12-22.
Gerber A, Green D. and Shachar R, 2003. Voting may be habit forming: evidence from a randomized field experiment. American Journal of Political Science 47 3:540-550.
GerberA.S.GreenD.P. and Larimer C. 2008. Social pressure and voter turnout: evidence from a large-scale field experiment. American Political Science Review 102 1: 33-48
Gersen Jacob Berry Christopher R.2010. Voters Non-voters and the Implications of Election Timing for Public Policy University of Chicago Law School Chicago Unbound Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers
Geys B. 2006. Rational‘theories of voter turnout: a review. Political Studies Review 4: 16- 35.
Gilens M. 2005. Inequality and democratic responsiveness. Public Opinion Quarterly 69 5: 778-796
Gimpel J, Kaufmann K. M, Hoffman A. 2003. A promise fulfilled? open primaries and representation. Journal of Politics 65: 457-476.
Glaser B. G, Strauss A. L. 1967. The discovery of grounded theory: strategies for qualitative Research. London: Wiedenfeld and Nicholson.
Gosnell Harold F. 1927. Getting-Out-the-Vote: An Experiment in the Stimulation of Voting. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Gray M, Caul M. 2000. Declining Voter Turnout in Advanced Industrial Democracies 1950 to 1997 The Effects of Declining Group Mobilization: Comparative political studies 33 9: 1091-1122.
Griffin J.D, Newman B. 2005. Are voters better represented? The Journal of Politics 67 4: 1206–1227
Harder J, Krosnick J. A. 2008. Why Do People Vote A Psychological Analysis of the Causes of Voter Turnout. Journal of Social Issues 64 3: 525-549
Hardy C, Harley B, Phillips N. 2004. Discourse Analysis and Content Analysis: Two Solitudes? Qualitative Methods 2: 1: 19-22.
Hayward T. 2006. Ecological citizenship: Justice rights and the virtue of resourcefulness. Environmental Politics 15 3: 435-446.
Hemetsberger A. 2006. When David Becomes Goliath Ideological Discourse in New Online Consumer Movements. Advances in Consumer Research 33: 494-500.
Henn M, Weinstein M. and Wring D. 2002. A Generation apart? youth and political participation in Britain. British Journal of Politics and International Relations 4: 167–92.
Henn M, Weinstein M., Hodgkinson S. 2007. Social capital and political participation: understanding the dynamics of young people's political disengagement in contemporary Britain. Social Policy and Society 6: 467-479.
Henneberg S. C, O'Shaughnessy N.J. 2007. Theory and concept development in political marketing. Journal of Political Marketing 6 2-3: 5-31.
Henneberg S.C.2004. The views of an advocatus dei: political marketing and its critics . Journal of Public Affairs 4 3: 225-243.
Herring J. P. 2004. The Politics and Diplomacy of CI Management Competitive Intelligence Magazine 7 4: 37-38.
Hine C. 2000.. Virtual ethnography. Thousand Oaks CA: Sage.
Hofstede, Geert; Culture’s Consequences, Comparing values, behaviors, institutions and organizations across nations.Sage Publications Inc. 2001.
Hollander J. 2009. A comparative cross-national study of voter turnout and electoral systems 1972-2005 2009 www.policshi hollander spring.
Hooghe M, Kavadias D, Reeskens T. 2006. Intention to Vote and Future Voting Behavior. A Multi-Level Analysis of Adolescents in 27 CountriesPaper presented at the 102nd Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association Philadelphia August 31-September 3.
Hooghe M, Stolle D. 2004. Good Girls Go to the Polling Booth Bad Boys Go Everywhere: Gender Differences in Anticipated Political Participation Among American Fourteen-Year-Olds. Women and Politics 26 3/4: 1-23.
Hooghe M. 2004. Political socialization and the future of politics. Acta Politica 39 4: 331-341.
Hopf T. 2004. Discourse and Content Analysis: Some Fundamental Incompatibilities Qualitative Methods2: 1 31-33.
Huddy L, Khatib N. 2007. American Patriotism National Identity and Political Involvement. American Journal of Political Science 51: 63–77
Inglehart R. 2008. Changing Values among Western Publics from 1970 to 2006 Western European. Politics 31 1-2: 130-146.
Irwin B, HramiakA. 2010. A discourse analysis of trainee teacher identity in online discussion forums. Technology Pedagogy and Education 19 3: 361-377.
Jackson, Terence ; “Cultural Values and Management Ethics:A 10-Nation Study”, Human Relations, Vol. 54, No.10, 2001 s.1274 .
Johansen H. P. M, 2005. Political Marketing. Journal of Political Marketing 4 4. 85-105.
Jones P, Dawson P. 2008. How much do voters know? an analysis of motivation and political awareness Scottish. Journal of Political Economy 55 2: 123-142.
Kallgren C. A, Raymond R. R, and Cialdini R.B. 2000. A Focus Theory of Normative Conduct: When NormsDo and Do Not Affect Behavior. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 26: 1002–12.
Karp J. A, Banducci S. A. 2008. Political efficacy and participation in twenty seven democracies: how electoral systems shape political behavior. British Journal of Political Science 38 2: 311-334.
Kaufmann H.R, Basile G. and Vrontis D. 2012. New consumer roles in branding. Journal Qualitative Market Research 15 4: 404-419.
Kaufmann H.R, Czinkota M, Vrontis D, Hadio A. 2012. Corporate branding and transformational leadership in turbulent times. Journal of Product and Brand Management. 21 3: 192- 204.
Kelly D. 2006. Parents influence on youths‘ civic behavior Family in society87 3: 447-455.
Kelly Nathan J.2005. Political choice public policy and distributional outcomes. American Journal of Political Science 49 4: 865–880
Kimberlee R.H. 2002. Why don't British young people vote at general elections? Journal of Youth Studies 5 1: 85-98.
Kohler U, Rose R. 2010. Under what circumstances could maxımısıng turnout alter an election result? Representation 46 2: 119-138.
Koudenburg N, Postmes T, Gordijn E. H. 2011.. If they were to vote they would vote for Us. Psychological Science 22 12: 1506-1510.
Kozinets R. 2002. Can Consumers Escape the Market? Emancipatory ılluminations from burning man. Journal of Consumer Research 29: 20–38.
Kruskal, J. B., & Wish, M. (1978). Multidimensional scaling (Vol. 11). Sage.
Ladd J. M, and Lenz G. S. 2008. Reassessing the role of anxiety in vote choice. Political Psychology 29: 275-296.
Laffey M, Weldes J. 2004. Methodological reflections on discourse analysis. Qualitative Methods 2 1: 28-30
Langer R, Beckman S.C. 2005. Sensitive research topics netnography revisited. Qualitative Market Research 82: 189-203.
Langesen R. 2008. Generation why bother - a political wasteland Sunday Star Times 22 June.
Lascoumes P, Le Gales P. 2007. Introduction: Understanding Public Policy through Its Instruments—From the Nature of Instruments to the Sociology of Public Policy. Instrumentation 20 1: 1-21.
Lassen D. D. 2005. The Effect of ınformation on voter turnout: evidence from a natural experiment. American Journal of Political Science 49: 103–118.
Lees-Marshment J. 2003. Political Marketing. Journal of Political Marketing 2 1: 1-32.
Lees-Marshment J. 2006. Political Marketing theory and practice: a reply to Ormrod‘s Critique of the Lees-Marshment Market-Oriented Party Model. Politics 262: 119-125.
Lefkofridi Z, Giger N, Gallego A. 2013. Electoral Participation in Pursuit of Policy Representation: Ideological Congruence and Voter Turnout. Journal of Elections Public Opinion and Parties24 3: 291-311.
Leighley J. Nagler J. 2009. Electoral Laws and Turnout 1972-2008 CELS 2009 4th annual conference on Empirical Legal Studies Paper.
Leimgruber P.2011. Values and Votes: The ındirect effect of personal values on voting behavior. Swiss Political Science Review. 17 2: 107-127.
Lim, Lrong; “Work Related Values of Malays and Chinese Malaysians”, International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, Vol. 1(2),2001, s.211.
Linhart, E., & Shikano, S. (2009). Ideological signals of German parties in a multi-dimensional space: An estimation of party preferences using the CMP data. German Politics, 18(3), 301-322.
Lloyd J.2005. Square peg round hole? can marketing-based concepts such as the ‗product‘ and the‗marketing mix‘ have a useful role in the political arena?.Journal of Nonprofit & Public Sector Marketing 14 1-2: 27-46.
Lugosi P, Janta H, Watson P. 2012. Investigative management and consumer research on the internet International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management 24 6: 838 – 854
Maarek P. 1995. Political Marketing and Communication. John Libbey & Ltd. Publishers.
Mark L. Davison and Stephen G.Sireci (2000), Multidimensional scaling”, Handbook of Applied Multivariate Statistics and Mathematical Modeling editor: Howard E.A. Tinsley, Steven D. Brown, pp.323-349
Maulana A. E, Eckhardt G. M. 2007. Just friends good acquaintancesor soul mates? An exploration of web site connectedness. Qualitative Market Research: An International Journal 10 No,: 227-242
Mellahi, Kamel-Guermat, Cherif; “ Does Age Matter? An Empirical Examination of the Effect of Age on Managerial Values and Practices in India”, Journal of World Business, August 2003,
Mettler Suzanne and Soss Joe 2004. The Consequences of Public Policy for Democratic Citizenship: Bridging Policy Studies and Mass Politics Perspectives on Politics Vol 2 1: 55-73
Milan A, 2005. Willing to participate: Political engagement of young adultsCanadian Social Trends Winter Statistics Canada — Catalogue 11-008.
Milner H. 2002. Civic Literacy: How Informed Citizens Make Democracy Work University press of New England: Hanover.
Milner H. 2005. Are Young Canadians Becoming Political Dropouts? A Comparative Perspective. IRPP Choices 11: 3-5.
Nickerson D, W. BA 2006. Hunting the elusive young Voter. Journal of Political Marketing 5 3: 47-69.
Nielsen S. W, Vinæs L.M. 2014. Party brands and voting. Electoral Studies 33: 153–165
Norris P. 2002. Democratic Phoenix: Reinventing Political Activism Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.
O'Toole T, Lister M, Marsh D. Jones S, McDonagh A. 2003. Tuning out or left out? articipation and non-participation among young people. Contemporary Politics 9 1: 45-61.
Ormrod R. P. 2005. A Conceptual Model of Political Market Orientation. Journal of Nonprofit Public Sector Marketing 14 1-2: 47-64.
Owen D. 2008.. Political Socialization in the Twenty-first Century: Recommendations for Researchers Paper presented for presentation at ―The Future of Civic Education in the 21st Century conference cosponsored by the Center for Civic Education and the Bundeszentrale fur politische Bildung James Madison‘s Montpelier September 21-26.
Özcan Y. Z. 2000. Determinants of Political Behavior in Istanbul Turkey Party Politics 6: 505-518.
Özler S.D, 2000. Politics of the Gecekondu in Turkey: The Political Choices of Urban Squatters in National Elections. Turkish Studies Vol1 2: 39-58.
Pammett J. H, LeDuc L. 2003. Explaining the turnout decline in Canadian federal elections: A new survey of non-voters. Available at: www.elections.ca.
Plutzer E. 2002. Becoming a habitual voter. ınertia resources and growth in young adulthood. American Political Science Review 96 1: 41-56.
Podoshen J. S. 2013.Dark tourism motivations: Simulation emotional contagion and topographic Comparison. Tourism Management 35 2: 63-71.
Pope, Matthijs; “Preferences for Changing Power Positions and Power Distances: A Social Value Orientations Approach”, European Journal of Social Psychology,Vol.33. 2003, s.178.
Powell Jr, G. B., & Whitten, G. D. (1993). A cross-national analysis of economic voting: taking account of the political context. American Journal of Political Science, 391-414.
Print M, Saha L, Edwards K. 2004. Youth Electoral Study: Report 1 Canberra: Australian Electoral Commission.
Puri A, 2007. The web of insights The art and practice of webnography. International Journal of Market Research 49 3: 387-408.
Putnam R. 2000. Bowling Alone. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Ragsdale L. and Rusk J. G. 1993. Electoral Turnout. American Journal of Political Science37 3: 721-746.
Remmer K. L. 2009. Political Scale and electoral turnout: evidence from the less ındustrialized world. Comparative Political Studies 43: 275-303.
Rodrigues, Carl A.; “ Cultural Classifications of Societies and How They Affect”, Cross-Cultural Management, Volume5, No.3,1998.
Rohrschneider R. 2002. Mobilizing versus chasing: how do parties target voters in election campaigns? Electoral Studies 21 3. 367–382.
Rokeach, Milton; The Nature of Human Values, New York: The Free Press,1973.
Rose R. 2004. Voter Turnout in the European Union Member Countries: 17-24 in Rafael López Pintor & Maria Gratschew ed.. Voter Turnout in Western Europe since 1945 Stockholm: International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance.
Roussias N. 2010. Turnout in Transitional Democracies: Patterns of Normalization Paper prepared for the Research 60th Political Studies Association Annual Conference 29 March - 1 April Edinburgh UK.
Rubenson D, Blais A, Fournier P, Gidengil E. & Nevitte N. 2004. Accounting for the Age Gap in Turnout Acta Politica 39 4: 407-421.
Russell A, Fieldhouse E. and MacAllisster I. 2002. The anatomy of Liberal support in Britain 1974–1997. British Journal of Politics & International Relations 4 1: 49–74.
Rybas N. and Gajjala R. 2007. Developing cyberethnographic research methods for understanding digitally mediated ıdentities. Forum Qualitative Social Research 8 3: 35.
Sandell J, & Plutzer E. 2005. Families divorce and voter turnout Political Behavior 27: 133–162.
Sandlin J. A. 2007. Netnography as a consumer education research tool International Journal of Consumer Studies 31: 288–294.
Savigny H. 2003. Political Marketing. Journal of Political Marketing 3 1: 21-38.
Schreiter T. H. O. 2006. Overcoming Youth Voter Decline From a Canadian Perspective. Law School Citizens Assembly Directed Reading Course December 8. 1-34.
Schwartz, Shalom; “ Are There Universal Aspects in the Structure and Contents of Human Values”?, Journal of Social Issues, 50/4, 1994.
Shaffer S. D. 1982. Policy differences between voters and non-voters in American elections. The Western Political Quarterly 35 4: 496-510.
Sheerin C. A. 2007. Political Efficacy and Youth Non-Voting: A Qualitative Investigation into the Attitudes and Experiences of Young Voters and Non-Voters in New Zealand thesis http: //ir.Canterbury.ac.nz/bitstream /10092/962/1 /thesis_fulltext.pdf.
SIMS, Randi L.-KEENAN, John P.1999. A Cross Cultural Comparison of Managers’ Whistleblowing Tendencies”, International Journal of Values- Based Management, Vol.12
Singh, Joginder P.; “Managerial Culture and Work Related-Values in India”, Organization Studies, 11/1, 1990.
Sitz L. 2008. Beyond semiotics and hermeneutics: Discourse analysis as a way to interpret consumers' discourses and experiences. Qualitative Market Research: An International Journal 11 2: 177 – 191.
Southwell P. L. 2008. The Effect of Political Alienation on Voter Turnout 1964-2000. Journal of Political & Military Sociology 36: 131-148.
Sturrock, K., & Rocha, J. (2000). A multidimensional scaling stress evaluation table. Field methods, 12(1), 49-60.
Taguchi, Y. H., & Oono, Y. (2005). Relational patterns of gene expression via non-metric multidimensional scaling analysis. Bioinformatics, 21(6), 730-740.
Tedesco J. C.2007. Examining ınternet ınteractivity effects on young adult political ınformation efficacy American Behavioral Scientist 50 9: 1183-1194.
Teun A. Van Dijk 1997. Discourse as structure and process discourse studies: a multidisciplinary inttroduction Ed.Teun A. Van Dijk Vol: 1Sage.
Tigue CC, Borak DJ, O'Connor JJM, Schandl C, Feinberg DR. 2012. Voice pitch influences voting behavior. Evolution and Human Behavior 33 3: 210-216.
Triandis, Harry C.; Culture and Social Behavior, Newyork, Mc Graw Hill, 1994.
Tsogo, L., Masson, M. H., & Bardot, A. (2000). Multidimensional scaling methods for many-object sets: A review. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 35(3), 307-319.
Van der Waal, J., Achterberg, P., & Houtman, D. (2007). Class is not dead—it has been buried alive: class voting and cultural voting in postwar western societies (1956–1990). Politics & Society, 35(3), 403-426.
Wattenberg M. P. 2007. Is Voting for Young People Pearson Education: Upper Saddle River NJ.
Wattenburg M. 2002.. Where Have All The Voters Gone?. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Weisberg, H. F., & Tanaka, A. (2001). Change in the spatial dimensions of party conflict: The case of Japan in the 1990s. Political Behavior, 23(1), 75-101.
Wlezien C. 2004. Patterns of Representation: Dynamics of Public Preferences and Policy. The Journal of Politics 66 1: 1–24
Wolfinger R. Rosenstone S. 1980 Who Votes? . New Haven CT: Yale University Press
Yoshio Takane, Sunho Jung, Yuriko Oshima-Takane,(2009), Multidimensional Scaling,The SAGE Handbook of Quantitative Methods in Psychology, editor: Roger E Millsap,Alberto Maydeu-Olivares, pp.219-243
Zhong Y, and Chen J. 2002. To Vote or Not to Vote: An Analysis of Peasants' Participation in Chinese Village Elections Comparative Political Studies 35: 686-712.
Zukin C, Keeter S, Andolina M, Jenkins K. M.X, Carpini D. 2006. A new engagement? Political participation civic life and the changing American citizen. Oxford University Press: Oxford.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.