Patterns of Knowing in Breast Cancer Screening among Minority Women in the United States: Theoretical Application

Manal Alatrash, Muder Alkrisat

Abstract


Carper identified four fundamental patterns of knowing in nursing, empirics, esthetics, personal knowing, and ethics, which are necessary for the teaching, practice, and research. A different method of analysis is required to find evidence, understand each pattern and develop knowledge about each pattern. In this paper the authors try to apply types of knowing into a suggested model about the behaviors and barriers to breast cancer (BC) screening among minority women in the United States.


Keywords


Carper; empirical, Knowing ethical ; Cancer; Minority; aesthetics; Sociopolitical

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