EFFECTS OF OCCUPATIONAL STRESS AND WORKPLACE SPIRITUALITY ON WORKPLACE DEVIANCE IN ACADEMIA: A CONCEPTUAL PAPER
The purpose of this study is to propose a framework and state propositions to be tested empirically in future studies. The researchers reviewed scholarly articles on the variables with the aim of stating valid propositions in line with theoretical perspectives. Drawing from social control theory and effort-reward-imbalance model, we proposed that there would be a positive relationship between occupational stress and deviant workplace behaviours while negative relationship is predicted amongst the dimensions of workplace spirituality and workplace deviance. We recommended that administrators of higher educational institutions (HEIs) and human resource practitioners need to be proactive and formulate preventive strategies against deviant workplace behaviour (DWB) by reviewing existing work conditions and create an environment that supports wholeness, meaningful experience at work and feeling of inner satisfaction. This paper extends research on deviant workplace behaviours by proposing a model in the study of deviance. However, there is need for empirical studies to test the proposed relationships.
Keywords: Organizational deviance, interpersonal deviance, workplace spirituality, occupational stress and financial pressure.
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