Rugged path after retirement: A study of civil servants in Manipur

Seilienmang Haokip


Retirement, an inevitable point of life, is bound to affect an individual.  Following this transitory stage, a person witness changes in many aspects of life.  From decreased financial earnings to loss of social capital, adjustment to this new environment of life requires a strong mental preparation besides proper financial and physical retirement planning.  The paper aims to appraise the problems of retirement faced by civil servants in the state of Manipur.  The study is qualitative in nature and is based on ten in-depth interviews conducted with civil servant retirees of Manipur.  Socio-demographic factors are taken into account in order to understand the changes and challenges faced after retirement.   Taking retirement as a process rather than a one point event of life, respondents were interviewed on matters concerning their pre-retirement planning, availability of social capital and its uses after retirement.  Disengaging from the role of a civil servant demands giving up a salient role and its related role identity associated with fame and dignity.  Owing to loss of social capital after leaving the role of a civil servant, a retiree can face a degrading self-esteem and poor life satisfaction.  The successful creation of an alternative identity culminating into a proper adjustment with retired life requires the collective efforts of a retiree, caregiver and family members.


Retirement, Self-esteem, Role identity, Life satisfaction, Disengagement, Social capital, Adjustment

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