Political Financing, Corruption and the Legal Framework for Democratic Consolidation in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic

Sani Ahmad Sule, Ranjit Singh Darshan a/l Darshan singh, Mohd Azizuddin Mohd Sani


Political conducts in relation to financing in Nigeria was initially moderated by the desire of the pre independence political leaders to bring an end to colonial occupation. Early political parties mobilize their party funds from levies, contributions and penalties imposed on them by the party. Toward independence however, the political parties that emerged engaged in fierce contest to capture power at the center which resulted in series of manipulations to outwit each other including reckless use of government resources to finance campaigns and elections. Several attempts were made from Nigeria’s Second Republic which came into effect in 1979 down to the Fourth Republic in 1999 to include measures of regulating political financing in the country. Despite provisions in all the constitutions and electoral laws in the country, reckless political finacing continue unabated because of corruption and impunity. The findings of this paper reveal that the effects of unregulated political financing have undermined democratic consolidation and voter’s confidence by encouraging unequal opportunities for both political parties and candidates contesting for electoral positions. The paper concludes by suggesting tougher measure by strengthening institutions that fifght corruption in order to sanction any political party or candidate that violates the rules to serve as a deterrent.


Political Financing, Corruption, Legal Framework, Democratic Consolidation Nigeria’s Fourth Republic

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