Feminization of Poverty and Dimension of Women’s Agencies

Sanjay Mishra

Abstract


Poverty is the most complicated social issue across the world. With rising expansion of modernization, the nature and complexity of poverty has become more compound. Modernization has opened a new vista, accumulation of wealth has rapidly increased but simultaneously poverty also has made its way into the community and adversely affected to the most vulnerable population.  Women have become aware regarding their freedom and individual rights which contributed in their overall social development especially in the developed countries, but in the less developed countries due to lack of infra structure and traditional mind set of the society, male domination and patriarchy the situation of women have become worst than ever. The responsibility of women has increased in comparison to the men in the families.  Women constitute about half of the world’s total human capital   and a larger proportion of women resume their duties under less paid or no paid circumstances.   In less developed economies the proportion of women in all sectors including politics, market, education, health and other key sectors are yet a great concern. While traditionally, women have been a driving force of the infrastructure, human capital and the environmental capital but due to modern approach of development women are most freak and vulnerable despite increasing education. In the society, cultural attitude of the male and women agencies are still doubting on their capacity which is a major gap of the development. We propose that by bringing change in men’s   cultural attitude and women agencies the process of development can be made easy and the share of women’s participation in the development. Otherwise, the poverty among women will increase severely. The attitude towards gender needs to change with change of time.  Gender gap, formation of women agencies, cultural attitude, and gender dimensions are the major obstacle in overall development of the society.


Keywords


women agency, feminization of poverty, inclusive growth, gender gap

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