Prevalence of risk factors associated with diabetes mellitus 2 in children of Lahore, Pakistan

Abdul Hafeez, Dr. Muhammad Tayyab, Dr. Qaiser Shahzad

Abstract


The spread of diabetes is at high scale throughout the world. The recent concern has been shown for its increased prevalence among children. The present study aims to assess prevalence of risk factors associated with diabetes mellitus 2 in children of five schools of Lahore. For this purpose, questionnaires were distributed among 400 randomly selected children. Moreover, questionnaires were also sent to their parents or guardians to assess risk factors of diabetes. An alarming scenario was witnessed with children having 47% intake of fast food, 69% regular intake of beverage, 61% poor intake of fruits, 30.5% poor intake of vegetables, and 25.25% poor intake of milk. The most important factors were pointed out to be genetic disposition and obesity with prevalence of 66.25% and 63.5%. Thus, important steps are required to spread awareness among children and their parents about diabetes.


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