Prevalence of Stress among Nurses
Objective: This study was conducted to determine prevalence among nurses working in tertiary care hospitals and to find out somatic signs and symptoms of depression and causes of this depression among them.
Study Design: This is a cross sectional type of study.
Duration and Setting: This study was done in Bahawal Victoria Hospital of Bahawalpur. This is a tertiary care hospital located in the city. Duration of study was from August 2017 to February 2018.
Patients and Methods: One hundred and twenty female nurses were included in the study. They were working in different wards of the hospital. They were having different age groups belonging to different areas and living in the hostel. They were selected in a randomized way. A predesigned questionnaire was used to collect all the relevant data such as age, socioeconomic status, marital status and number of children. Despite this a General Health Questionnaire was used to evaluate the objects for psychological aspects. These questions were about somatic signs and symptoms, anxiety insomnia, social problems and depression. Proper consent was taken from the nurses for including them in the study and also from the hospital management to conduct the study. Privacy of data was made sure and ethical aspects were on priority. Only those female nurses were included which were doing job from more than 6 months at least in this hospital. Student nurses or those with job duration less than 6 months were not included in the study.
Results: This study was done on 120 nurses. Among them 62.5% were having somatic symptoms, 75% with anxiety, 73.3% having social dysfunction and 45.8% were found with depression. Among these study cases 56.6% were married and 43.4% were unmarried which denotes that mostly married females were having psychiatric problems. These nurses were lying in age group of 20-55 years with mean age of 35.6 years. Questions related to interpersonal relationship asked and found that 50% nurses complaint of poor doctor behavior, 60.8% said that patients behavior was very poor while 47.5% told that paramedical staff was rude with them which causes them stress. Out of 120 nurses 56.6% had salary issues, 29% were facing residency issue, 20% complained of washrooms, 44.2% complained of hostel hygiene, 60% told that they had very less time for rest after a tiresome duty and 53.3% said that holidays were not enough.Conclusion: Social problems were found main cause of stress among nurses which make them depressed and angry. Such depressed people are socially not perfect.
Chang EM, Daly JW, Hancock KM, Bidewell J, Johnson A, Lambert VA, et al. The Relationships Among Workplace Stressors, Coping Methods, Demographic Characteristics, and Health in Australian Nurses. Journal of Professional Nursing 2006;
Joanne Lim, Fiona Bogossian and Kathy Ahern. Stress and coping in Singaporean nurses: A Literature review. Nursing and Health Sciences 2010;12(2):251-258.
Charles DR Murray, Joanna Flynn, Laura Ratcliffe, Meron R
Jacyna, Michael A Kanm and Anton V Emnanue. Effects of acute physical and psychological stress on gut autonomic innervations in irritable bowel syndrome. Gastroenterology 2004; 127(6):1675-1703.
Sauter SL, Murphy LR and Hurrell JJ. Prevention of work-related psychological disorders. American Psychologist 1999; 45(10):1146-1158.
Lin K, Huang C and Wu C. Association between stress at work and primary headache among nursing staff in Taiwan. Headache
Berland A, Natvig GK and Gundersen D. Patient safety and job-related stress: A focus group study. Intensive and Critical Care
Nursing 2008; 24(2):90-97.
Elfering A, Semmer NK and Greber S. Work stress sand patient safety: Observer-rated work stressors as predictors of characteristics of safety-related events reported by young nurses. Ergonomics 2006; 49(5):457-469.
Lazarus RS and Folkman S. Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York, press 1984.
Rosales RA, Labrague LJ and Rosales GL. Nurses job satisfaction and burnout: Is there a connection Int J Adv Nsg stud (internet)2012; 2(1):pg1-10.
Hipwell A, Tyler PA and Wilson CM. Sources of stress and dissatisfaction among nurses in four hospital environments.
British Journal of Medical Psychology 1989; 6(2): 71-79.
Selye, Hans. The stress of life. New York, NY, US: McGraw-Hill The stress of life. (1956). xvi 324 pp.
Jennings BM. Stressors of critical care nursing. In: Thelan LA,
Davie JK, Urden LD, et al., editors. Critical care nursing Diagnosis and management. St Louis, MO: Mosby; 1994. pp. 75-84.
Shinde MB and Durgawale PM. Nursing Audit of Health Workers
Providing Health Services in Rural Area with Special Emphasis to Community Satisfaction in Satara District. International Journal of Science and Research; 2014; 3(2): 94-104.
Akhtar-Danesh N and Landeen J. Relation between depression and sociodemographics factors. Int J Ment Health Syst 2007; 1(1):4-9.
Demir A, Ulusoy M and Ulusoy MF. Investigation of factors influencing burnout levels in the professional and private lives of nurses. Internatl J Nurs Studies 2003;40:807-827.
Manderino MA and Berkey N. Verbal abuse of staff nurses by physicians. J Prof Nurs1997;13(1):48-55.
Hillhouse JJ and Adler CM. Investigating stress effect patterns in hospital staff nurses: Results of a cluster analysis. Soc Sci Med 1997;45(12):1781-1788.
Taylor S, White B and Muncer S. Nurses’ cognitive structural models of work-based stress. J Adv Nurs 1999;29(4):974-983.
Leveck ML and Jones CB. The nursing practice environment, staff retention, and quality of care. Res Nurs Health 1996;19:331-343.
Bourbonnais R, Corneau M, Vézina M and Dion G. Job strain, psychological distress, and burnout in nurses. Am J Ind Med 1998;34(1):20-28.
Reis EJFB, Carvalho FM, Araújo TM, Porto LA and Silvany Neto AM. Trabalho e distúrbios psíquicos em professores da rede municipal de Vitória da Conquista, Bahia, Brasil. Cad
Saúde Pública 2005;21(5):1480-1490.
Bonnie M. Jennings. Work Stress and Burnout Among Nurses: Role of the Work Environment and Working Conditions
Bin Nordin Rusli, Bin Abdin Edimansyah and Lin Naing. Working conditions, self-perceived stress, anxiety, depression and quality of life: A structural equation modelling approach. BMC Public Health 2008; 8:48.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.