Prevalence of Stress among Nurses

Muhammad Bilal, Muhammad Abubakar Arshad, Furqan Anwar

Abstract


Objective: This study was conducted to determine prevalence among nurses working in tertiary care hospitals and to find out somatic signs and symptoms of depression and causes of this depression among them.

Study Design: This is a cross sectional type of study.

Duration and Setting:  This study was done in Bahawal Victoria Hospital of Bahawalpur. This is a tertiary care hospital located in the city.  Duration of study was from August 2017 to February 2018.

Patients and Methods: One hundred and twenty female nurses were included in the study. They were working in different wards of the hospital. They were having different age groups belonging to different areas and living in the hostel. They were selected in a randomized way. A predesigned questionnaire was used to collect all the relevant data such as age, socioeconomic status, marital status and number of children. Despite this a General Health Questionnaire was used to evaluate the objects for psychological aspects. These questions were about somatic signs and symptoms, anxiety insomnia, social problems and depression. Proper consent was taken from the nurses for including them in the study and also from the hospital management to conduct the study. Privacy of data was made sure and ethical aspects were on priority. Only those female nurses were included which were doing job from more than 6 months at least in this hospital. Student nurses or those with job duration less than 6 months were not included in the study.

Results:  This study was done on 120 nurses. Among them 62.5% were having somatic symptoms, 75% with anxiety, 73.3% having social dysfunction and 45.8% were found with depression. Among these study cases 56.6% were married and 43.4% were unmarried which denotes that mostly married females were having psychiatric problems. These nurses were lying in age group of 20-55 years with mean age of 35.6 years. Questions related to interpersonal relationship asked and found that 50% nurses complaint of poor doctor behavior, 60.8% said that patients behavior was very poor while 47.5%  told that paramedical staff was rude with them which causes them stress. Out of 120 nurses  56.6%  had salary issues, 29% were facing residency issue, 20% complained of washrooms, 44.2% complained of hostel hygiene, 60% told that they had very less time for rest after a tiresome duty and 53.3% said that holidays were not enough.  

Conclusion:  Social problems were found main cause of stress among nurses which make them depressed and angry. Such depressed people are socially not perfect.

Keywords


stress, depression, Nurses, Tertiary hospital, prevalence

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