Risk Factors associated with Infectious Diseases in Children from Lahore with 5 Years age

Dr. Shehzad Younas, Dr. Zahra Habib, Dr. Shiza Akram

Abstract


Objective: The object of this study was the determination of the risk factor leading young children toward several infection diseases (diarrhoea, pneumonia, meningitis etc.) at Services Hospital, Lahore. The connection has been identified by this study existing between the infection and other elements such as unhygienic conditions, previous medical history etc. and it health effects on under 5-year children.

Material and Methods: The study was conducted on a sample group of 200 patients having age from 6 months to 5 years suffering from infection diseases and their selection was random. The questions in local language were asked from their mother related to it. SPSS version 16 was used for the analysis of data.

Results: Most common diseases were Acute Gastroenteritis 42 (22.34%), Pneumonia 54 (28.72%) and meningitis/encephalitis 31 (16.48%). The birth of 84 children was premature (44.68%), the birth of 65 children was weighing less or equal to 2500mg (34.57%). Full vaccination was given to only 21 children (11.17%).

Conclusion:  In our scenario, low birth weight, prematurity, poor living standard and non-vaccination are connected with the incidence of infection diseases under children of 5 years of age.

Key Words: Gastroenteritis, Infectious diseases, Meningitis, pneumonia.


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