ASSESSMENT OF OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY AND THEIR CONTRIBUTING RISK FACTORS AMONG MEDICAL CONSULTANTS OF LAHORE
Objective: The foremost ambition of our study was assessment of overweight and obesity and their contributing risk factors among medical consultants of Lahore.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 120 Postgraduate doctors of Lahore among them 85 were males and 35 females. Data was composed by using a coherent self-reliant valid questionnaire. The data was analyzed and tabulated via SPSS software version 21.0
Results: The results showed that among males, 18.33% were normal 24.17% were overweight while 28.33% were obese, while among females, 7.50% were normal, 7.50 were overweight and 14.17% were found to be obese. The contributing factors for overweight and obesity were found as following; time of consumption of more food i.e. at dinner (p-value 0.000) , consumption of junk food on daily bases (p-value 0.000) , having snacks on daily basis (p-value 0.000) , watching television while eating (p-value 0.000) , going to bed immediately after having dinner (p-value 0.000) , no physical activity (p-value 0.000) and family history of obesity (p-value 0.000)
Conclusion: The study shows that there is high prevalence of overweight and obesity among postgraduate doctors of Lahore. A number of risk factors are involved which include consuming more junk food, having more food at night time, snacking on daily basis and having a sedentary life style. This study improved awareness among doctors about their weight and promoted importance of physical activity other than their routine work among medical practitioners.
Keywords: overweight, obesity, contributing risk factors, post graduate doctors, medical consultants
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