AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF THE INFLUENCE OF KNOWLEDGE SHARING ON INDIVIDUAL ACADEMIC STAFF PERFORMANCE
In the 21st century, material resources have ceased to be the backbone of organizations; knowledge has assumed that status. For knowledge to be of value, it must be shared. Accordingly, performance can be optimized by providing individuals with useful knowledge. The aim of this study is to empirically examine the influence of knowledge sharing(KS) on individual academic staff performance(IASP). A total of 510 questionnaires were distributed to academic staff with a valid response rate of 391. Data gathering was carried out in all 13 public universities sited in north central region, Nigeria. The findings reveal that KS has a significant positive relationship with IASP. KS and IASP are higher order constructs with four and three dimensions respectively; by implication, the higher the influence of these dimensions on KS, the more influence it exerts on IASP. The results of this study reveal that the factors – nature of knowledge, motivation to share, opportunities to share and working culture basically shape the level of KS practices amongst individual academics in Nigerian public universities which in turn influence their individual performance. It reveals that the influence of KS on IASP is better predicted by appreciating how these factors interact to shape the KS practices amongst academics. Consequently, KS may not be the only predictor of IASP due to the multidimensional nature of academics’ responsibilities. Hence, this study is calling on future research to broaden the model by incorporating other relevant predictors to minimize the degree of unexplained variance in the model.
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