Prevalence Of Anemia In Pregnant Women And Its Associated Factors---A Sudy For A Tehsil Headquater Hospital.

Saba Shabnum, Ayesha Hashmi, Aneeta Khalil

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Objectives; To calculate the prevalence of anemia in pregnant women and to evaluate the causative factors. Methodology: It was a cross-sectional study carried out at THQ Chunnian,Kasur. The population was female population of chunian and the surrounding areas. Out of which we took sample of 100 subjects via convenient random sampling. An anonymous structured questionnaire was used. Anemia is calculated through hemoglobin level in blood and the associated factors assessed were; parity, abortions, SVDs VS cesarean sections, education levels, supplement intake during pregnancy and spacing. Data analysis was done on SPSS software. Results: The results were as follow:12% of the females were below 25 year of age,74% were between 26 to 30,7% were between 31 to 35 and 36 to 40 year of age. 2 % have hemoglobin level of 12g/dl and above,6% has 11g/dl,45% has Hb level of 10 g/dl,37% has Hb level 9 and below.25% of the females were primigravida,20% has parity 2,35% has parity 3,19% has parity 4 and above.92% has 0 still births,6% has 1 still birth and  % has 2 or more still births.77% of females has zero abortions,11% has 1 abortion 12% has 2 or more abortions.50% has 1 previous SVD,11% has 2 SVDs and 21% has 2 or more SVDs.75% of females has previous C-sections. More than 60% of the population has less than 1 year spacing between children,20% has 1 year spacing and only 10% has spacing for 2 or more year. Only 6% of the females has been transfused blood one, rest of the population was never being transfused.60% of the females didn’t take any supplements during pregnancy while 20% has a poor compliance. Women who don’t take supplements during pregnancy 80% of them had Hb level below 10g/dl,10% has Hb 11 and only 0 % has Hb level of 12 and above.Women with previous C section 60% ha HB level 9,20% has 10, 10% has 11 and only 10% has 12 or above Hb. Conclusion: Prevalence of anemia in peripheral areas are really high n it directly associated with low supplement intake,less spacing between children and increased no of births.


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