Mother Tongue Based Multilingual Education Program: An Effective Approach to Teaching in Rajbanshi Language Community

Dipak Tamang


MTB-MLE focuses on equitable quality education and lifelong learning for all and it is only possible when education responds to and reflects the multilingual nature of the society.  MTB-MLE is seen as a good model for pre-primary level students. The main objectives of this study were: to examine to what extent MTB-MLE is effective to teach non-Nepali speaking students of Grade 3 and Grade 4 and whether the MTB-MLE approach or English medium instruction (EMI) results better in learners’ achievement in reading Nepali and English subject. This study compared the learner’s achievement in reading assessment between MTB-MLE school and English medium government school. This study comprised one hundred and sixty-three students including Grade 3 and Grade 4 in reading assessment in Nepali and English language. The questionnaires were used as research tools during the study.  Results obtained from the data were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively.  The result showed that the performance of MTB-MLE school’s students was better in comparison to the performance of English medium government school’s students. Thus, MTB-MLE program showed that the MTB-MLE approach is effective in helping non-Nepali speaking students for sustainable learning, life-long learning and quality education. 


Mother tongue, Multilingual education, MTB-MLE approach, Rajbanshi language community, reading assessment

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