Superstitious belief as cultural barrier in polio communication campaign in northern Nigeria
The Global Polio Eradication Initiative was formed in 1988 to eradicate poliomyelitis in the world. However, in Nigeria, the campaign faces challenge of rejection or non-compliance from mostly Muslim parents of northern Nigeria. The study investigated how cultural superstitious beliefs constitute barrier to the acceptance of polio vaccination. Data was collected through focus group of Muslim parents with eligible children five years and below in states of Kaduna, Kano and Bauchi of northern Nigeria. The findings revealed that the cultural superstitious belief on polio disease in communities serves as barrier to the acceptance of polio vaccination in northern Nigeria. The study concludes that there is the need for the inclusion of Islamic cultural sensitivity in polio communication messages that target the Muslim populations in order to address the issue of superstitious beliefs on poliomyelitis. The polio communication messages should be in both English and native languages and contain relevant quotations from the verses of the Qur’an and Hadith that talk about health issues, child protection and immunisation, disease prevention, personal hygiene and environmental sanitations.
Abdullahi A. A. (2011). Trends and challenges of traditional medicine in Africa. African journal of traditional, complementary, and alternative medicines : AJTCAM, 8(5 Suppl), 115-23.
Ahmad, M. K. (2011). Islamic Persuasive Communication: Concepts , Characteristics , and Impacts of Media Health Programs. Unpublished PhD Thesis University of Queensland, Australia.
Ahmad, M. K., Harrison, J., & Davies, C. L. (2008). Cultural sensitivity in health promotion program: Islamic persuasive communication. In 6th International Conference on Communication and Mass Media (pp. 1-11). Athens Institute for Education and Research (ATINER).
Airhihenbuwa, C. O., Ford, C. L., & Iwelunmor, J. I. (2013). Why culture matters in health interventions lessons from HIV/AIDS stigma and NCDs. Health Education & Behaviour, 4(1), 78-84.
Ali A, Ali L, Shah M, Khan N, Shafee M, Jan SK. (2018). Polio vaccination; an analysis of cultural and traditional barriers. Professional Med J 2018; 25(1):67-72. DOI:10.29309/TPMJ/18.4158
Baghri L. K, & Ghahramani S. (2018) Social studies in health: A must for today. Med J Islam Repub Iran. (1 Nov);32:106.https://doi.org/10.14196/mjiri.32.106
Biesen, C. M. zu, Dilger, H., & Nienstedt, T. (2012). Bridging gaps in health care and healing: Traditional medicine and the biomedical health care sector in Zanzibar. Retrieved from http://www.polsoz.fuberlin.de/ethnologie/personenliste/dilger/Meier_zu_Biesen_et_al_Bridging_Gaps_in_Health_Care_and_Healing_FINAL_REPORT_2012.pdf.
Chan, M. (2011). Innovation for polio eradication. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 11(10), 721. http://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(11)70258-4.
Corcoran, N. (2016). Communicating Health: Strategies for Health Promotion. Communicating Health: Strategies for Health Promotion. SAGE Publications, Ltd. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781526401588
Creswell, J. W. (2012). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research. Education Research (Vol. 3).
Desai, R. (2012. Superstitions. An Educational blog. rrajivdesaimd.com/2012/05/26/superstitions.
Dixey, R. A. (1999). ‘Fatalism’, accident causation and prevention: issues for health promotion from an exploratory study in a Yoruba town, Nigeria. Health Education Research, Theory & Practice, 14(2):197–208.
Geist-Martin, P., Sharf, B. F., & Ray, E. B. (2003). Communicating health: Personal, cultural, and political complexities. Wadsworth: Thomson Learning.
Kadiri, Ahmad & Mustaffa (2015) Young people’s perception of HIV/AIDS campaign in South-West Nigeria. Jurnal Pengajian Media Malaysia, JPMM (Malaysian Journal of Media Studies, MJMS), 17 (2). pp. 26-41. ISSN 1511-2284
Keyton, J. (2019). Communication research: Asking questions, finding answers (Fifth Ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.
Koenig, H.G & Al Shohaib, S. (2016). Health and Well-Being in Islamic Societies: Background, Research, and Applications (illustrate). Springer International Publishing, 2016.
Maigari, B., Muhammad, R., & Habu, H. (2014). Oral Polio Vaccine: misconceptions, challenges and the way forward for Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences (IOSR-JDMS), 13(10), 34–39. Retrieved from www.iosrjournals.org.
Michael, C.A., Ogbuanu, I.U., Storms, A.D., Ohuabunwo, C.J., Corkum, M., Ashenafi, S. et al. (2014). An assessment of the reasons for oral poliovirus vaccine refusals in northern Nigeria. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 210(s 1), s 125-130. http://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiu436
Morgan, D. L. (2012). Focus groups and social interaction. In The SAGE Handbook of Interview Research: The Complexity of the Craft (pp. 161–176). SAGE Publications Inc. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781452218403.n11.
Nasir, S. G., Aliyu, G., Ya'u, I., Gadanya, M., Mohammad, M., et al.(2014). From intense rejection to advocacy: how Muslim clerics were engaged in a polio eradication initiative in Northern Nigeria. PLoS medicine, 11(8), e1001687. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001687.
Nsofor, I. (2015, July 21). Nigeria interrupts Polio, but the fight is not over. Abuja. Nigeria. Retrieved from http://nigeriahealthwatch.com/nigeria-interrupts-polio-but-the-fight-is-not-over/
Omoloso, A.I, Ahmad, M.K. and Ramli, R. (2017). Culture in maternal health promotion: insight from perinatal women in north central Nigeria. -Academia Journal, 6(1), 253–270. Retrieved from http://journale-academiauitmt.uitm.edu.my/v2/index.php/home.html
Onyeabochukwu, D. A. (2007). Cultural Practices and Health: The Nigerian Experience. Medikka Journal of the University of Nigeria Medical Students.
Prata, N., Ejembi, C., Fraser, A., Shittu, O., & Minkler, M. (2012). Community mobilisation to reduce postpartum hermorrhage in home births in northern Nigeria. Social Science & Medicine, 74(8), 1288 – 1296. http://doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.11.035.
Renne, E.P., Hall, W. (2006). Protesting Polio and the Ethics of Eradication in Northern Nigeria . Social Science and Medicine, Volume: 63(7.), 1857–1869. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.socsciemed.2006.04.025.
Romm, N. R.A. (2014). Conducting Focus Groups in Terms of an Appreciation of Indigenous Ways of Knowing. Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 16(1), Art. 2.
Sebastian A.J. Taylor (2015) Culture and behaviour in mass health interventions: lessons from the global polio eradication initiative, Critical Public Health, 25:2, 192-204, DOI: 10.1080/09581596.2014.895799.
Sharf, B. F. & Kahler, J. (1996). Victims of the franchise: A culturally-sensitive model of teaching patient-doctor communication in the inner city. In E. B. Ray (Ed). Communication and Disenfranchisement: Social Health Issues and Implications (pp. 95-115). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaumm.
Smith, D. W. (2013). Phenomenology. In Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy (Winter 2013).
World Health Organization, (WHO). (2016). Global Polio Eradication Initiative: Post-eradication. World Health Organisation (June). Polioeradication.org.
Yahya, M. (2007). Polio vaccines--“no thank you!” barriers to polio eradication in Northern Nigeria. African Affairs, 106(423), 185–204. http://doi.org/10.1093/afraf/adm016.
Yusuf, A. J. & Baiyewu, O. (2012). Beliefs and Attitudes Towards Dementia. West African Journal of Medicine, 31, No1 (January–March).
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.