Psychosocial Problems of Elderly Persons in Lagos State, Nigeria: Implications for Counselling Practice
Elderly persons experience some psychosocial problems as they progress in age. These problems hinder their well-being and adjustment at old age. The psychosocial concerns of the elderly persons can also be compounded by stressful situations in urban areas such as hectic transportation. This study therefore investigated psychosocial problems of elderly persons in Lagos State, Nigeria. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The participants were selected using purposive, proportional and accidental sampling techniques. A researcher-designed questionnaire was employed in collecting data for the study. Four null hypotheses were formulated for the study and tested using t-test and Analysis of Variance at 0.05 level of significance. The study revealed that elderly persons in Lagos State experienced psychosocial problems such as loss of significant persons, depression, insomnia and loneliness. It was also found that there were significant differences in the psychosocial problems of elderly persons in Lagos State based on gender and educational qualification but no significant differences were found based on age and marital status. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that adequate support systems should be provided for elderly persons to improve the well-being and cushion the impacts of the psychosocial problems. Counsellors should therefore acquire the skills necessary to provide psychosocial support for the elderly in Lagos State, Nigeria.
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