Gender Vulnerability to Climate Change and Adaptation Strategy An Empirical Study in Drought prone Region of West Bengal, India
The present paper attempts to measure gender vulnerability to climate change and to identify the gender-wise adaptation options at the household level in the drought prone region of West Bengal. The Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) and combined LVI-IPCC index have been used to measure gender vulnerability. The paper is based on primary data collected from 150 households from four villages in the district of Purulia, one of the drought prone regions of West Bengal, in 2018 with the help of a structured questionnaire. The result of the paper shows that the female headed households are more vulnerable compared to the male headed households on the basis of both measures of vulnerability indices. The paper also identifies the gender-wise adaptation options like livestock rearing, formation of self-help groups (SHGs), migration, and diversification of livelihood and collection of non-timber forest products (NTFPs). The paper has an important policy implication for the reduction of vulnerability of the female headed households and strengthening livelihood opportunities.
Keywords: Livelihood vulnerability index, gender, adaptation, self-help groups, migration, livelihood opportunity.
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