Evaluation of the Frequency of Infertility in Males among Different Age Groups in Lahore
Objective: Analyzing the frequency of infertility among the males of different age groups in Lahore.
Design of Study: Descriptive case study.
Place and Duration of Study: This study was carried out in the Urology department of Mayo hospital Lahore in a period of 6 months form July 2018 to December 2018.
Materials and Methods: Individuals in different age groups were selected randomly and then classified into three age groups. Patients with age between 20-30 years were classified as group-1, those with age between 20-30 years were kept in group-2 and patients having age greater than 40 years were kept in group-3. Only those patients were selected who were willing to take part in this research. Informed consent was taken from each individual. Patients were asked to provide the semen sample which was then analyzed using light microscopy. Each sample was carefully sent to a reliable lab for semen analysis. The reports were then analyzed for sperm motility, morphology, contamination with microbes and presence of any kind of debris.
Results: Aberrant semen report was surprisingly found in people of young age about 58% compare to people in group 2 and 3 having anomalous reports of 52% and 60%. Abnormal motility and morphology was highest in people above 40 years of age. According to the study a higher risk of aberration is seen in young age group. Vitiate foods, climate changes, improper nutrition and change of life style are the main reasons behind this increasing abnormality.
Conclusion: The increasing abnormal reports is an alarming condition that is causing increased infertility in young generation and a proper solution must be found out to prevent the infertility in coming generations.
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