Incidence of anemia in child bearing women
Objective: The main aim of this study was focused on preventing the iron deficiency anemia by using simple test like CBC between the pregnant women belonging to three different socioeconomic status.
Place and duration of study: This study was carried out in a duration of 10 months from February 2018 to November 2018 in Mayo Hospital Lahore.
Material and Methods: 100 pregnant women having different financial status and were in late period of 1st trimester were included in this study. All the child bearing women were kept under keen observation for all the trimesters and their complete blood count was performed on regular basis to look for Hb, MCHC, HCT, and MCV. Pregnant women belonging to poor socio economic status have higher incidence of iron deficiency anemia. Highest incidence of iron deficiency was seen in patients in third trimester as compared to first and second trimester regardless of socio economic status of the family. Patients who were willing to take part in this study were selected and informed consent was taken from all the patients. Patients confidentiality was maintained as a top priority.
Conclusion: High incidence of iron deficiency anemia is seen in pregnant women of Pakistan regardless of the socio economic status which is disturbing. Diagnosis made by the simple tests like hemoglobin and erythrocytes count must be used for treatment to replace iron deficiency either by the use of iron preparations or dietary modifications instead of waiting for the superior diagnostic tests.
Alan, H & Laurran, N 2003, Current Obstetric and Gynecological diagnosis and treatment, 9th edn, Mc Graw Hill.
Bothwell, T 2000, 'Iron requirements in pregnancy and strategies to meet them', Am J Clin Nut, vol 72, pp. 257-64.
Clara, C 2015, 'An overview of anemia', N Eng J Med, vol 372, pp. 1832-1843.
Cunningham, G, Norman, F, Kenneth, J, Larry, C, John, C, Ktherine, D & Wenstom, P 2001, William Obs, 21st edn, McGraw Hill.
Granthem, M & Ani, C 2001, 'A review of studies on effect of iron deficiency anemia on cognitive development in children', Nut, vol 136, pp. 649-666.
Jon, C 2002, 'Red blood cell and bleeding disorder', Robin’s basic pathology, vol 10, pp. 621-558.
Karine, T & Jennifer, F 2007, 'An update on Anemia in less developed countries', Am J Tropic Med, vol 77, no. 1, pp. 44-51.
Kayode, O & Oladunjoye, A 2012, 'Preventive Treatments of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Pregnancy: A Review of Their Effectiveness and Implications for Health System Strengthening', J Pregnancy.
Khurshidi, S, Nusrat, B & Nasir, K 2003, 'Intravenous iron sucrose complex therapy in iron deficiency anemia in the pregnant', J Med Assoc, vol 28, no. 10.
Lindsy, H 2000, 'Anemia and iron deficiency effects on pregnancy outcome', Am J of Clin Nut, vol 71, no. 5.
Lutter, C 2008, 'Iron Deficiency in Young Children in Low-Income Countries and New Approaches for Its Prevention', J Nut, vol 138, pp. 2523-2528.
Naghmi, A, Hassan, K, Mahmud, S, Zaheer, H, Naseem, L & Zafar, T 2007, 'Comparison of serum Ferritin in three trimesters of pregnancy and their correlation with increasing gravidity', Int J Pathol, vol 5, no. 1, pp. 26-30.
Parveen, K & Clark, M 2003, Textbook of Clinical medicine, 5th edn, WB Saunders.
Seshadri, S 2001, 'Prevalence of micronutrient deficiency particularly of Iron, Zinc and Folic acid in pregnant women in South East Asia', Br J Nut, vol 85, pp. 87-97.
Yager, J & Hartfield, D 2002, 'Neurological manifestation of iron deficiency in childhood', PedNeuro, vol 27, pp. 85-92.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.