Incidence of anemia in child bearing women

Noman Ul Haq, Abdullah ., Muhammad Saad Rafique



Objective: The main aim of this study was focused on preventing the iron deficiency anemia by using simple test like CBC between the pregnant women belonging to three different socioeconomic status.

Place and duration of study: This study was carried out in a duration of 10 months from February 2018 to November 2018 in Mayo Hospital Lahore.

Material and Methods: 100 pregnant women having different financial status and were in late period of 1st trimester were included in this study. All the child bearing women were kept under keen observation for all the trimesters and their complete blood count was performed on regular basis to look for Hb, MCHC, HCT, and MCV. Pregnant women belonging to poor socio economic status have higher incidence of iron deficiency anemia. Highest incidence of iron deficiency was seen in patients in third trimester as compared to first and second trimester regardless of socio economic status of the family.  Patients who were willing to take part in this study were selected and informed consent was taken from all the patients. Patients confidentiality was maintained as a top priority.

Conclusion: High incidence of iron deficiency anemia is seen in pregnant women of Pakistan regardless of the socio economic status which is disturbing. Diagnosis made by the simple tests like hemoglobin and erythrocytes count must be used for treatment to replace iron deficiency either by the use of iron preparations or dietary modifications instead of waiting for the superior diagnostic tests.

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