Enteric Fever-A Review of Diagnosis and Treatment

Nadeem Aslam, Afraz ul Haq, Hafiz Hammad ul haq


                 Enteric fever infects the payers patches of small intestine and then eventually spreads to the blood stream through the lymphatic vessels. Patients of typhoid fever have high grade continuous fever, with diarrhea or constipation, abdominal pain,. Untreated typhoid fever can cause intestinal perforation, encephalopathy and various systemic complications.  Enteric fever is diagnosed based on clinical symptoms and certain investigations such as typhidot and blood culture. Blood culture is investigation of choice whereas typhidot only suggests the enteric fever but not confirms it. Apart from supportive management, antibiotics therapy is the mainstay of  treatment of enteric fever.

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