Hepatitis-Analysis of Risk factors of transmission

Mohsin Nadeem, Kashif Hussain, Humaira Bashir

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Objective:

                  This study was done to establish the prevalence of various risk factors of transmission of hepatitis C.

Design:

This was retrospective cohort study.

Duration and time:

This study was conducted at Mayo Hospital Lahore in Gastroeneterology department from july 2017 to December 2017.

Method:

Every patient who presented with constitutional symptoms of hepatitis was included in our study. Out of all those who were tested positive for hepatitis C by screening kit method were inquired about various risk factors they encountered in their past. Written consent was signed by each participant and results were analyzed using spss and Microsoft excel 2011.

Results:

A total of 127 patients were included in our study who were hepatitis C positive by kit method. Out of these 57(44.88%) gave the history of frequent therapeutic injections, 23(18.11%) had tattooing or nose piercing, 17(13.38%) patients had dental treatment, 11(8.6%) had major surgery, 7(5.5%) had blood transfusions in the past, 6(4.72%) having multiple sexual partners and another 6(4.72%) were positive for HIV.

Out of 57 patients who had frequent therapeutic injections, only 20(35.08%) knew that this carries a major risk of hepatitis transmission. 45(78.49%) of these patients gave history of visiting unregistered and unqualified practitioners.

Conclusion:

Frequent therapeutic injections are one of the leading causes of hepatitis transmission and this practice should be discouraged.

 

 


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References


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