Frequency Of Various Dentoalveolar Injuries Among Patients Having Age 15-35 Years
Objective: To determine frequency of different dentoalveolar injuries, mode of injury and cuse of injury.
Setting: This study was conducted at Punjab Dental Hospital Lahore.
Study duration and Design: This is a cross sectional study started in August 2018 and completed in January 2019 consisted on total duration of six months.
Materials and Methods: An inclusion and exclusion criteria formed and patients in this study included according to it. Patients having dentoalveolar injuries during study period and presentinted to study institution having mentioned age of 15-35 years were included in the study. Those having old trauma and were operated long before were not included and those not giving consent and having age less than 15 or greater than 35 years were not included in the study. Most of the patients in study group were presented in emergency unit. A performa was designed in which study related data was documented for all patients such as patient biography, duration of injury, mode of injury and type of dentoalveolar injury. Both male and female cases were included in the study. Data was analyzed using Microsoft office and SPSS software. Results were calculated I the form of frequencies and percentages and presented via tables and graphs. P-value was less than 0.05.
Results: Total 140 cases were included in this study comprising on 90(65%) male and 50(35%) female. Their age range was 15-35 years. There were 38(27%) cases between 15-20 years, 22(15.7%) cases between 21-25 years, 41(29.3%) cases between 25-30 years and 39(27.8%) between 31-35 years of age. Causes of dentoalveolar injury among patients in study group were fall from height in 30(21.4%), road side accident in 62(44.3%), assault in 21(15%) and sports injury in 27(19.3%) cases. Type of injury was intrusion type in 68(48.6%) cases, extrusion type in 7(5%) cases, crown fracture in 31(22%), root fracture in 4(2.8%), luxation injury in 10(7%), subluxation injury in 3(2.1%) and avulsion injury was reported in 17(12.1%) cases.
Conclusion: Dentoalveolar injuries are very common in Pakistani population mostly due to fall from height with most common mode of injury reported is intrusion type and second common injyry was crown fracture.
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