Biomedical Waste Management Need of the hour - A Review Article

Anu Sharma, Ravi Prakash Sharma, Mayuri P Bhise, N.K. Shaikh


Biomedical Waste (BMW) means any waste, which is generated during diagnosis, treatment or immunization of human beings or animals or research activities pertaining thereto or in the production or testing of biological or in health camp. Majority of waste generated in HCF maybe non-infectious (85%). The infections hazardous waste only contributes to about to 15% of the total waste generated by HCF. Inappropriate disposal of biomedical waste is a potential threat to not only humans but also to the safety of environment. There is a need to handle BMW by safe and reliable method in order to prevent it as a public health problem. This is a review article which highlights BMW guidelines 2016 with recent Amendments 2018.


Biomedical waste, infectious waste, no- infectious waste, public health problem.

Full Text:



Singh V.P., Biswas G, Sharma J.J. Biomedical Waste Management plan for Patna City, Institute of Tour Planners India Journal 6-2l01-25 (2009)

Govt of Indian Ministry of Environment of Forests Gazette notification No .460 dated July 247, New Delhi 1998:10-20.

Govt. of India, MOE, F & CC, BMW (M) Rules, 2016 on 28th March 2016, Gazette of India, Extra ordinary part II, Section 3, Sub section (i).

The Biomedical waste (management & handling) Rules 1999.

Chartier Y, Emmanent J, Pieper U, Pruss A, Rushbrook P, Stringer R, Safe management of Wastes from health care activities, 2nd edition Genova, Switzerland. WHO Blue Book, 2014.

The Biomedical handling guide 2016, standard operating procedure of health care facility, Delhi Pollution Control board 2016.

NHM (2013) Guidelines for implementation of Kayakalp indicative 2018. focus implementation guidebook for Kayakalp.

Malini R. Capoor, Kumar Takas Bhewmik Cytotoxic drug disposal, Cytotoxic safety and cytotoxic waste management. Practices and proposed India specific guidelines.

Capoor MR, Bhowmik KT. Implmentation challenges in biomedical waste management rules 2016. Indian J Med. Icrobial 2017; 35 (4): 623.

Apur--- S Sastry, Deepashree R. Essentials of Hosptial Infection control. 1st Edition Chapter 15 Waste management in health care facilities pg 399-431.

The Gazette of India Biomedical Wastes (Management and handling ) Rules, India MOE, F & CC. Ammendment 2018 Rule available (online), Available from http://www.indiaenvironment in (December 2018)


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.