Risk factors of Lower back pain; A very common problem in Pakistani community
Objective: To determine the risk factors of lower back pain in our community.
Study design and duration: It is a community based retrospective cohort study having duration of one year.
Setting: This study was conducted in Nishtar Hospital Multan.
Patients and methods:Total 250 cases irrespective of gender and age having lower back pain were included in this study. Patients having any other serious medical condition like myocardial infarction, paraplegia, CVA, pregnancy, morning stiffness or having inflammatory cause of back pain were excluded from the study. A predesigned questionnaire was used for collecting data. Unwilling patients were not included as well. Consent was taken from ethical committee of the study institution for conducting the study and from all cases for including them in this study. Confidence interval was 95% with 5% margin of error. P-value less than 0.05 was taken significant. Chi-squre test applied. Data was analyzed using SPSS-v18.
Results: Out of 250 cases 95 were male and 155 were female cases. There were 210 married patients and 40 were unmarried. There were 6% cases having age 15-25 years, 14% between 26-35 years, 18.8% between 36-45 years, 28% between 46-55 years and 33.2% were above 55 years. In 31.2% cases risk factor of lower back pain was their profession related bending and twisting of body, in 17.6% kneeling and squatting, 10.4% heavy working, inadequate sleep <6hours and history of back trauma was reported as a risk factor in 8.4% cases.
Conclusion: Lower back pain is a very common problem among old age people and most common risk factor is bending movement of back.
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