Association of Breath Holding Spells with Iron Deficiency Anemia in Children

Fatima Anwaar Khan, Fiza Ashraf, Sameera Wajahat Rabbani


Objective: The main aim of this study was to find the correlation between breath holding spells and iron deficiency anemia in children.

Study Design: Cross sectional

Place and Duration of Study: This study was carried out in a duration of 10 month from June 2018 to March 2019 in Pediatrics department of Services hospital Lahore.

Patients and Methods: Total of 95 cases were selected for the study which presented in the outdoor of services hospital with breath holding spells. Mean age was between 6 to 60 months. Detailed history and examination was done. Informed consent was taken from all the parents. Blood samples were taken and sent to a reliable laboratory for CBC and ferritin levels.

Results: In our study the number of children between 6-36 months of age were 61% whereas between 37-60 months were 39%. Among these females were 41% and males were 59%. Incidence of anemia in children with breath holding spells was found to be 51.6%.

Conclusion: High incidence of iron deficiency anemia is seen children with breath holding spells and it can be easily treated with simple and cheap iron preparations available in market.


Iron deficiency anemia, breath holding spells, CBC

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