Association of Breath Holding Spells with Iron Deficiency Anemia in Children
Objective: The main aim of this study was to find the correlation between breath holding spells and iron deficiency anemia in children.
Study Design: Cross sectional
Place and Duration of Study: This study was carried out in a duration of 10 month from June 2018 to March 2019 in Pediatrics department of Services hospital Lahore.
Patients and Methods: Total of 95 cases were selected for the study which presented in the outdoor of services hospital with breath holding spells. Mean age was between 6 to 60 months. Detailed history and examination was done. Informed consent was taken from all the parents. Blood samples were taken and sent to a reliable laboratory for CBC and ferritin levels.
Results: In our study the number of children between 6-36 months of age were 61% whereas between 37-60 months were 39%. Among these females were 41% and males were 59%. Incidence of anemia in children with breath holding spells was found to be 51.6%.
Conclusion: High incidence of iron deficiency anemia is seen children with breath holding spells and it can be easily treated with simple and cheap iron preparations available in market.
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