Causes of Chronic kidney disease

Muhammad Awais, Jawaria Ghazanfar, Sadia Javed

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Chronic kidney disease is characterized by irreversible loss of kidney function. It is classified and staged according to Glomerular filtration rate. Chronic kidney disease presents with wide range of clinical symptoms and signs such anemia, pruritis, weight loss, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, kasmauls breathing, plusus paradoxus, pallor, bruising.

There are various etiological causes of CKD including diabetes mellitus, hypertension, durg induced, autoimmune and polycystic kidney disease. This was an observational study conducted at DHQ hospital Nankana sahib in the dialysis unit. All the patients on dialysis were included in the study. By accessing their clinical notes and through history we determined cause of CKD in each.

Results showed that Diabetes and hypertension were among the most common etiological factors of Chronic kidney disease. By adequate control and early detection of diabetes and hypertension we can gain a reduction in disease burden of CKD.

 

Key words : CKD, Chronic renal failure, Hakeem medications, diabetic nephropathy

 

ABSTRACT

Chronic kidney disease is characterized by irreversible loss of kidney function. It is classified and staged according to Glomerular filtration rate. Chronic kidney disease presents with wide range of clinical symptoms and signs such anemia, pruritis, weight loss, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, kasmauls breathing, plusus paradoxus, pallor, bruising.

There are various etiological causes of CKD including diabetes mellitus, hypertension, durg induced, autoimmune and polycystic kidney disease. This was an observational study conducted at DHQ hospital Nankana sahib in the dialysis unit. All the patients on dialysis were included in the study. By accessing their clinical notes and through history we determined cause of CKD in each.

Results showed that Diabetes and hypertension were among the most common etiological factors of Chronic kidney disease. By adequate control and early detection of diabetes and hypertension we can gain a reduction in disease burden of CKD.

 

Key words : CKD, Chronic renal failure, Hakeem medications, diabetic nephropathy

 


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