Egypt in Historical Perspective: Some Thoughts

Mathias Chukwudi Isiani


Ancient Egypt was gifted with visionary Pharaohs who maximized the gift of the Nile to build one of the famous ancient civilizations in the world. The country emerged from an economy of hunters and gatherers to a viable economy that attracted foreigners like Alexander the Great, Romans, Ottoman Turks and the British raj. Indeed, Egypt was a melting pot of cultures. These foreign influences further harnessed the achievements of the Pharaohs that in modern times Egypt is now a tourist country endowed with Egyptian beautiful architectural designs and mummies. However, in recent past, the reverse is the case as the country is inextricably tied to a political, social and economic convulsion which emanated from the traumatic wave of Arab Spring. It is from this background that this paper seeks to examine how Egypt, a country renowned as a cradle of human civilisation degenerate into a nation that has lost its compass. Tourism which contributed immensely to the economy hitherto to this present time has dissipated as foreigners flee the country for insecurity. To this effect, this work employs multi qualitative method of narrative and case studies towards actualizing the purpose of this research. It is expected that this paper will benefit political analysts and policy makers in designing practicable solutions to the numerous political, economic and social problems confronting the state of Egypt. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to provide analytical information on the current state of the country through narrating the historical development of the country.


Egypt; Pharaohs; Civilisations; Arab Spring; Instabilities; Underdevelopment.

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