A Comparative Analysis of Ethnic Conflict in Sudan and Rwanda

OSISIOMA SAMUEL uGOCHUKWU

Abstract


This study focused on a comparative analysis of the ethnic conflict in Sudan and Rwanda.. Both countries experienced sanguinary ethnic conflicts which led the genocide, wanton destruction of lives and properties and the displacement of millions of people. The horrors of ethnic conflict have been major impediments to development of Africa states and it is central to the challenges confronting nation building in Africa.  However, Rwanda has been able to forge ahead to the path of prosperity and economic development in such that it is now a reference point to other African countries still grappling with ethnic conflict. The case of Sudan differs, as the aftermath of the civil wars prompted its division into two-Sudan and South Sudan.  Inspite of this separation, mutual distrust and acrimony still persists in South Sudan where ethnic supremacy overshadow national imperative. This study critically assesses the root causes of ethnic conflict in Rwanda and Sudan. It took a comparative analysis from the events in both countries. Primary and secondary sources were adopted in this research. Interviews were conducted in the course of its methodology. This paper argues that ethnic animosities and rivalry are a key underlying cause that has transformed political rivalry into a deadly ethnic dispute through vicious mobilisation and rhetoric. Therefore, it recommends a comprehensive peace approach that will address the political aspects of the conflict and propose restructuring South Sudan administrative, economic and social spheres in order to curb further manipulation of the ethnic differences.


Keywords


Ethnicity-Conflict-Genocide-Peace,-Nationalism-Violence-Identity

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