Vernacular Temple Architecture of Himachal Pradesh- A Study of Style and Connecting Link with China

Durga Basu

Abstract


                The emergence of vernacular temple architecture is a result of certain local religious ferment and needs for constructing shrines for the local deities which are the common factors in most of the states of India. These structures had their own architectural patterns. The distinct architectural style of temple construction in different parts of 6the country was a result of geographical, climatic, ritualistic, indigenous artistic activities, historical situation and ethnic diversities. In any country temples have been classified according to different architectural styles of which some have been marked as classical while some reflect vernacular structural styles in the construction. The finest examples of vernacular temples come from Himachal Pradesh in northern India. Structurally and conceptually these temples are quite different from the major architectural patterns of India. These temples are uniquely built with local materials of stone and wood. The present study will highlight varied vernacular temple structures of this region where rural elements played a pre-dominant role. While analyzing the extant temples it is further noticed that some of India’s neighbouring countries reveal the same concept while building the folk temple. So the present work has made a comparative study with some folk temples of China.

For this research work , I had a village to village survey in Kulu and Manali region in Himachal Pradesh for gathering detail information and digital documentations.


Keywords


Vernacular architecture, Himachal Pradesh. temples, wooden structure, artistic work, Pent- roof.

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References


Bernier, Ronald M.(1997) Himalayan Architecture, Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press.London.

Nagar, Shanti Lal (2009) The Temples of Himachal Pradesh, Aditya Prakashan. Delhi.

Chetwode, Penelope,(1972) Kulu- The End of the Habitable World. JohnMurray, London


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